Twelfth Army (Japan)
|Japanese Twelfth Army|
|Active||November 7, 1938 - August 15, 1945|
|Country||Empire of Japan|
|Branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
The Japanese 12th Army was formed on November 7, 1938 under the North China Area Army as a garrison force for the occupation the provinces North China. It served primary as a training and reserve unit, and participated in counter-insurgency operations.
The 59th division famous for its wartime atrocities was attached to the Twelfth Army from February 1942 till May 1945.
List of Commanders
|1||Lieutenant General Kamezo Suetaka||9 November 1938||12 September 1939|
|2||Lieutenant General Sadataka Iida||12 September 1939||1 March 1941|
|3||Lieutenant General Ichiji Dobashi||1 March 1941||1 March 1943|
|4||Lieutenant General Seiichi Kita||1 March 1943||7 February 1944|
|5||Lieutenant General Eitaro Uchiyama||5 February 1944||7 April 1945|
|6||Lieutenant General Takashi Takamori||7 April 1945||15 August 1945|
Chief of Staff
|1||Lt. General Asasaburo Kobayashi||9 November 1938||1 December 1939|
|2||Lt. General Yoshio Hongo||1 December 1939||2 December 1940|
|3||Lt. General Masafumi Yamauchi||2 December 1940||15 October 1941|
|4||Major General Etsujiro Kono||15 October 1941||10 December 1942|
|5||Major General Tadao Teragaki||10 December 1942||16 October 1944|
|6||Lt. General Makoto Nakayama||16 October 1944||1 September 1945|
- Dorn, Frank (1974). The Sino-Japanese War, 1937-41: From Marco Polo Bridge to Pearl Harbor. MacMillan. ISBN 0-02-532200-1.
- Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW.
- Wendel, Marcus. "Axis History Factbook". Japanese Twelfth Army.