114th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

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114th Division
Active 1937 - 1945
Country Empire of Japan Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Infantry
Garrison/HQ Utsunomiya
Nickname(s) Commander division
Engagements Battle of Shanghai
Battle of Nanking
Battle of Xuzhou
Battle of Northern and Eastern Henan
Chinese Civil War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Saburou Miura

The 114th Division (第114師団 Dai-hyakujūyon Shidan?) was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Commander Division (将兵団 Sho Heidan?). It was formed on 12 October 1937 in Utsunomiya, Tochigi as a B-class square division. The nucleus for the formation was the 14th division headquarters. It was originally subordinated to the Central China Area Army.

First formation[edit]

In October 1937 the division was subordinated to the 10th army and sent to ongoing Battle of Shanghai.[1] It departed from Osaka 30 October and arrived to Hangzhou Bay 5 November 1937, spending the next five days for unloading due faulty landing craft.[2] It also participated in Battle of Nanking in December 1937. In February 1938, the 114th division was transferred to the North China Area Army and participated in the Battle of Xuzhou and Battle of Northern and Eastern Henan. Later performing a garrison duties in the North China, the division was demobilized in July 1939.

Second formation[edit]

Because the 26th and 62nd were sent to Pacific War, the 114th division was reformed 10 July 1944 in Linfen, simultaneously with the 115th, 117th and 118th divisions. As a security (class C) division, its backbone consited of independent infantry battalions, and division lacked an artillery regiment. The nucleus for the formation was the 3rd Independent Infantry Brigade in Yuncheng and 69th division in North China. The 114th division was originally assigned to the 1st army. It then garrisoned the Linfen area of Shanxi along the Tongpu Railroad, taking over all of the 69th division garrisoned territory. By the start of Soviet invasion of Manchuria 9 August 1945, the 114th division was on move in Tianjin. After the ended with the surrender of Japan 15 August 1945, a significant fraction of its men have continued to fight under command of the warlord Yan Xishan in the ongoing Chinese Civil War.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Madej, W. Victor, Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945 [2 vols], Allentown, PA: 1981.