Javier Silva Ruete

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Javier Edilberto Silva Ruete (September 17, 1935 – September 21, 2012) was a Peruvian politician, lawyer and economist.[1][2]

Silva Ruete was the son of Max Silva Velásquez, a notable physician from Piura, and Raquel Ruete de Silva.[1] He studied at the Colegio Salesianos and the Colegio San Miguel in Piura.[1] Silva Ruete studied Economy and Law at the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos.[1][2] He later obtained postgraduate degrees from Uruguay, Italy, France and the United States.[1] He worked at the Peruvian Central Reserve Bank and Banco de Fomento Agropecuario.[3]

Silva Ruete served as Minister of Agriculture in the First Presidency of Fernando Belaúnde (1965 and 1967).[2] When he was appointed he was the youngest Minister of Agriculture in the history of the country.[1] At the time he belonged to the Christian Democrat Party (PDC).[1] He later served as Minister of Economy and Finances in the cabinets of Francisco Morales Bermúdez (1978-1980), Valentín Paniagua (2000) and Alejandro Toledo (2002).[2] During his years as minister in the Morales Bermúdez government he implemented neoliberal policies in accord with the International Monetary Fund.[4] He served as director of the Peruvian Central Reserve Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB). He held different posts in FAO, World Bank and Corporación Andina de Fomento. He was also a board member of different private companies.[2]

In 1984 he founded the political party Solidarity and Democracy (SODE) together with Manuel Moreyra and Aurelio Loret de Mola.[5] He contested the 1985 election as a SODE candidate on the APRA list, winning a seat in the Senate.[1] He obtained 116,478 preferential votes.[6]

Silva Ruete died of cancer, at the age of 77.[2]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Mario Guimarey; Martín Garay Seminario (1986). Quién es quién: Congreso de la República, 1985–1990. MGS & MGS Editores. p. 255. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f El Comercio. Javier Silva Ruete falleció hoy a los 77 años
  3. ^ Martín Garay Seminario (1985). Perfiles humanos: los hombres que hacen historia en el Perú. M. Garay Seminario. p. 182. 
  4. ^ Maxwell A. Cameron; Philip Mauceri; Cynthia McClintock (December 2006). The Peruvian Labyrinth: Polity, Society, Economy. Penn State Press. p. 27. ISBN 0-271-03051-8. 
  5. ^ Alba Hesselroth (2006). Ideas and Economic Policy Change: The Influence of Policy Ideas and Non-state Actors in the Peruvian Case of Market-oriented Reform. ProQuest. p. 248. ISBN 978-0-542-91197-2. 
  6. ^ Fernando Tuesta Soldevilla (1986). Perú 1985: el derrotero de una nueva elección. Centro de Investigación de la Universidad del Pacifico / Fundación Friedrich Ebert. p. 58.