Javier Silva Ruete
Silva Ruete was the son of Max Silva Velásquez, a notable physician from Piura, and Raquel Ruete de Silva. He studied at the Colegio Salesianos and the Colegio San Miguel in Piura. Silva Ruete studied Economy and Law at the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. He later obtained postgraduate degrees from Uruguay, Italy, France and the United States. He worked at the Peruvian Central Reserve Bank and Banco de Fomento Agropecuario.
Silva Ruete served as Minister of Agriculture in the First Presidency of Fernando Belaúnde (1965 and 1967). When he was appointed he was the youngest Minister of Agriculture in the history of the country. At the time he belonged to the Christian Democrat Party (PDC). He later served as Minister of Economy and Finances in the cabinets of Francisco Morales Bermúdez (1978-1980), Valentín Paniagua (2000) and Alejandro Toledo (2002). During his years as minister in the Morales Bermúdez government he implemented neoliberal policies in accord with the International Monetary Fund. He served as director of the Peruvian Central Reserve Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB). He held different posts in FAO, World Bank and Corporación Andina de Fomento. He was also a board member of different private companies.
In 1984 he founded the political party Solidarity and Democracy (SODE) together with Manuel Moreyra and Aurelio Loret de Mola. He contested the 1985 election as a SODE candidate on the APRA list, winning a seat in the Senate. He obtained 116,478 preferential votes.
Silva Ruete died of cancer, at the age of 77.
- Javier Silva Ruete (1 January 2008). Política económica para países emergentes. Taurus. ISBN 978-603-40-0601-0.
- Javier Silva Ruete (1983). La deuda externa del Perú. Fundación Friedrich Ebert.
- Mario Guimarey; Martín Garay Seminario (1986). Quién es quién: Congreso de la República, 1985–1990. MGS & MGS Editores. p. 255.
- El Comercio. Javier Silva Ruete falleció hoy a los 77 años
- Martín Garay Seminario (1985). Perfiles humanos: los hombres que hacen historia en el Perú. M. Garay Seminario. p. 182.
- Maxwell A. Cameron; Philip Mauceri; Cynthia McClintock (December 2006). The Peruvian Labyrinth: Polity, Society, Economy. Penn State Press. p. 27. ISBN 0-271-03051-8.
- Alba Hesselroth (2006). Ideas and Economic Policy Change: The Influence of Policy Ideas and Non-state Actors in the Peruvian Case of Market-oriented Reform. ProQuest. p. 248. ISBN 978-0-542-91197-2.
- Fernando Tuesta Soldevilla (1986). Perú 1985: el derrotero de una nueva elección. Centro de Investigación de la Universidad del Pacifico / Fundación Friedrich Ebert. p. 58.