Jean-Louis Françoise-Collinet

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Jean-Louis Françoise-Collinet was an innovative French chef credited with several well-known culinary innovations including Béarnaise sauce and the art of deep frying.[1]

Béarnaise sauce[edit]

Collinet was the head chef at the Henri IV hotel outside of Paris, where he was widely credited as the creator of Béarnaise sauce shortly following the Second French Revolution.[1] Collinet likely developed the recipe in 1836 for the opening of his new restaurant Le Pavilion Henri IV.[1][2][2][3] Using the traditional recipe for Hollandaise sauce, he replaced lemon juice with white wine vinegar, and added shallots, chervil, and tarragon.[4] Collinet named the sauce in honor of Béarn, the region of France from which Henry IV originated, the king after whom the hotel was named.[3]

Deep frying[edit]

Legend has it that Collinet inadvertently created the art of deep frying the following year, introducing the Pommes soufflées on August 24, 1837, the concoction being the predecessor to French fries.[1][4][5] The story indicates that Collinet was preparing a meal for Queen Marie-Amélie, and his fried sliced potatoes grew cold as the Queen's train was delayed.[1] The chef is said to have returned the potatoes to the hot oil to reheat them, at which point they became puffed and crispy.[1]

The Pavilion Henri IV still operates as a restaurant in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France.


  1. ^ a b c d e f Hess, John L. (January 10, 1971). "L'Affaire Bearnaise at Common Market: Oil on Troubled Sauce". Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  2. ^ a b Sidney, Deana (January 3, 2014). "Sauce Béarnaise". Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  3. ^ a b Waggoner, Susan (January 21, 2015). "What is Béarnaise Sauce?". Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  4. ^ a b Newman, Bryan G. (July 28, 2018). "Sauce Béarnaise, its Creation, its Creator, and its connection with Béarn". Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  5. ^ Boulet, François. Leçon d'histoire de France: Saint-Germain-en-Laye : des antiquités nationales à une ville internationale (in French). DISLAB. p. 156. ISBN 9782952009188. Retrieved 1 October 2016.