Jean Baptiste Michel Bucquet

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Jean-Baptiste-Michel Bucquet (French: [bykɛ]; 18 February 1746 – 24 January 1780) was a French chemist, member of the French Royal Academy of Sciences, physician and royal censor.

Bucquet was born in Paris, in 1746. He was first sent to study law but he then turned to science and attended medical classes at the Faculty of Medicine in Paris. He graduated in 1770 and thus became Docteur-Régent. He then started teaching a public course in chemistry in his own laboratory prior to becoming professor of chemistry and natural history in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Paris in 1776. In 1777, he collaborated with Lavoisier and performed many fundamental experiments which led to Bucquet's acceptation in the French Royal Academy of Sciences as a chemist. He continued giving public courses until 1779. He was known to be a very good teacher and many attended his courses.

His most famous pupil was Antoine-François Fourcroy who later carried on Bucquet's work on natural history.

Publications[edit]

  • Ergo digestio fdimentorum vera digestio chimica, dissertation, Paris, in-4°.
  • Introduction à l'étude des corps naturels, tirés du règne minéral. Paris, Jean-Th. Herissant, 1771.
  • Introduction à l'étude des corps naturels, tirés du règne végétal. Paris, Veuve Hérissant, 1773.
  • Mémoire sur la manière dont les animaux sont affectés par les différents fluides aériformes méphitiques, 1778.
  • Rapport sur l'analyse du rob antisyphilitique de Boyveau-Laffecteur, Paris, 1779, in-8°.

References[edit]

  • "Jean-Baptiste-Michel Bucquet", in Louis-Gabriel Michaud, Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne : histoire par ordre alphabétique de la vie publique et privée de tous les hommes avec la collaboration de plus de 300 savants et littérateurs français ou étrangers, 2nd edition, 1843–1865.
  • E. McDonald "Bucquet, Jean-Baptiste Michel." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2008.