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Jean Charton de Millou

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Jean Charton de Millou (1736–1792) was a French Jesuit[1] Catholic priest and martyr,[2] who became a victim of anti-Catholic persecution during the French Revolution.[3]

Charton de Millou joined the Society of Jesus on September 7, 1751. However, his studies were interrupted due to the dissolution of the order, and he continued his education at a diocesan seminary.[4] He completed his philosophical and theological studies, and was ordained as a priest. He then began teaching and also served as a spiritual director to the Sisters of the Sacraments in Paris.[5]

His skills as a preacher and confessor were renowned, and he was credited with numerous conversions among his parishioners. However, his reputation also made him a target of the anti-Catholic sentiment during the French Revolution, leading to his arrest.[5] He steadfastly refused to take the constitutional oath, choosing instead to remain true to his faith. On September 2, 1792, Charton de Millou was murdered in a Carmelite monastery along with 300 other clergy members during the infamous "September Massacres." His death is commemorated in the Catholic Church on the anniversary of his passing.[6]

On October 17, 1926, Charton de Millou was among the 191 martyrs from Paris who were beatified by Pope Pius XI.[7][8][9]


  1. ^ Holy September martyrs
  2. ^ Molinari, Paolo (1974). Companions of Jesus: Spiritual Profiles of the Jesuit Saints and Beati. United Kingdom: English Province of the Society of Jesus.
  3. ^ Tylenda, Joseph N. (1998). Jesuit saints & martyrs: short biographies of the saints, blessed, venerables, and servants of God of the Society of Jesus (2nd ed.). Chicago: Jesuit Way. ISBN 978-0-8294-1074-7.
  4. ^ "Blessed John Charton de Millou | The Society of Jesus". www.jesuits.global. Retrieved 2023-11-08.
  5. ^ a b "Den salige Johannes (Jean) Charton de Millou (1736-1792)". Den katolske kirke (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2023-11-08.
  6. ^ "Beati Giovanni Maria du Lau d'Alleman, Francesco Giuseppe e Pietro Ludovico de Rochefoucauld e 91 compagni". Santiebeati.it. Retrieved 2023-11-08.
  7. ^ MDrake (2011-09-01). "September 2-3 - The September Martyrs of the French Revolution, Blessed John du Lau and Companions". Nobility and Analogous Traditional Elites. Retrieved 2023-11-08.
  8. ^ "Saints and Blesseds: JE… – JEM…". www.gcatholic.org. Retrieved 2023-11-08.
  9. ^ Opoka, Fundacja (2010-04-16). "Rewolucja francuska i powrót męczenników systemów totalitarnych". Fundacja Opoka. Retrieved 2023-11-08.