Jean Gaston, Duke of Valois
|Duke of Valois|
An engraving of Jean Gaston
17 August 1650|
Palais d'Orléans, Paris, France
10 August 1652 (aged 1)|
Palais d'Orléans, Paris, France
30 May 1656|
Royal Basilica of Saint Denis
|House||House of Orléans|
|Mother||Marguerite de Lorraine|
Born at the Palais d'Orléans, the present day Luxembourg Palace in Paris, he was the first and only son born to the Duke and Duchess of Orléans. His father, Gaston d'Orléans, was the youngest brother of the late Louis XIII; as such, Jean Gaston was born during the reign of his first cousin, the 11-year-old Louis XIV.
He was given the title of Duke of Valois, a title which was from his father's appanage from Louis XIII.
As a Grandson of France, he was allowed the style of Royal Highness and from his birth, was the fourth male in the kingdom after Louis XIV, the Duke of Anjou and his father, Gaston. His birth was greatly celebrated by his older half-sister, Anne Marie Louise, "la Grande Mademoiselle" who ordered a large fireworks display in Paris to celebrate his birth. He was adored by la Grande Mademoiselle despite the child always having frail health; he was never able to walk and could not speak - Jean Gaston had a crooked leg which had been attributed to the Duchess of Orléans lying on her side throughout her pregnancy.
The little Duke of Valois died at the Palais d'Orléans of diarrhoea and was greatly mourned by his parents and half sister. He was buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis outside Paris, the traditional burial place of the House of Bourbon. The duchy of Valois reverted to his father (died 1660), after whose death the duchy of Orléans reverted to the Crown. The previously mentioned Duke of Anjou became the Duke of Orléans and it is from him the present House of Orléans descends.
Titles and styles
- 17 August 1650 – 10 August 1652 His Royal Highness the Duke of Valois (Monseigneur le duc de Valois)
References and notes
- "Jean-Gaston d'Orléans". Roglo.eu. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Which Gaston had been given in 1626 upon his marriage to the heiress Marie de Bourbon
- Biography of la Grande Mademoiselle, amazon.com; accessed 15 April 2014.
- West, V. Sackville, Daughter of France: The Life of Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchesse de Montpensier, 1627-1693, La Grande Mademoiselle, Doubleday & Company (1st edition), London: 1959, ASIN B0010Z3TNE, pp. 124-125
- Anselme 1726, pp. 145–147.
- Anselme 1726, pp. 147–148.
- Anselme 1726, pp. 143–144.
- Leonie Frieda (14 March 2006). Catherine de Medici: Renaissance Queen of France. HarperCollins. p. 386. ISBN 978-0-06-074493-9. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- Cartwright, Julia Mary (1913). Christina of Denmark, Duchess of Milan and Lorraine, 1522-1590. New York: E. P. Dutton. p. 538.
- Messager des sciences historiques, ou, Archives des arts et de la bibliographie de Belgique (in French). Gand. 1883. p. 256.
- Anselme 1726, pp. 328–329.
- Anselme 1726, p. 211.
- "The Medici Granducal Archive and the Medici Archive Project" (PDF). p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 January 2006.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Johanna von Oesterreich (Tochter des Kaisers Ferdinand I.)" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 6. Wikisource. p. 290.
- Anselme 1726, pp. 133–135.
- Bertholet, Jean (1742). Histoire ecclesiastique et civile du Duche de Luxembourg et Comte de Chiny (in French). 3. A. Chevalier. p. 39. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
- Anselme de Sainte-Marie, Père (1726). Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France [Genealogical and chronological history of the royal house of France] (in French). 1 (3rd ed.). Paris: La compagnie des libraires.