Jeanne Tripier

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Jeanne Tripier
Known for
Patron(s)Jean Dubuffet

Jeanne Tripier (1869–1944) was a French medium[1] who produced works of text, drawing and embroidery under Spiritualist influence. She is considered part of the Art Brut canon.[2]


Jeanne Tripier was born in 1869 in Paris.[3] Daughter of a wine merchant, she spent her childhood in the country with her grandmother.[4] As an adult she lived in the Montmartre district of Paris, working as a salesgirl at a department store. At 58 she developed a passion for Spiritualist doctrines and divination. These activities became central to her existence, so much so that she eventually stopped going to work. In 1934 she was admitted to a psychiatric hospital in Paris.[5]


Jeanne Tripier began creating works which blended image and text when she was in her 50s. Tripier's work emerged during trance states[6] and utilized materials such as sugar and hair dye.[7] She also produced figurative embroidery pieces. She ascribed responsibility for her output of texts, drawings, and embroideries to spiritual entities.[8]

Collections and exhibits[edit]

Jeanne Tripier's work is primarily held in the Collection de l'Art Brut museum in Lausanne, Switzerland.[3] Her works have been lent to other institutions for exhibitions, including the 2015 exhibit Art Brut in America: The Incursion of Jean Dubuffet at the American Folk Art Museum.[9]


Jean Dubuffet acquired Tripier's work for his Collection de l'Art Brut.[5]


  • Écrits d’Art Brut. Graphomanes extravagants, Lucienne Peiry, Paris, Le Seuil, 2020.  (ISBN 978-2-02-144768-2)


  1. ^ Gaze, Delia, ed. (1997). Dictionary of Women Artists: Artists, J-Z. Routledge. p. 96. ISBN 0316589063.
  2. ^ Wertkin, Gerard C., ed. (2004). Encyclopedia of American Folk Art. Routledge. p. 400. ISBN 0-415-92986-5.
  3. ^ a b Maclagan, David (2009). Outsider Art: From the Margins to the Marketplace. Reaktion Books. p. 184. ISBN 978-1861895219.
  4. ^ "TRIPIER jeanne". Art Brut Collection ABCD. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Tripier, Jeanne". Collection de l'art Brut Lausanne. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  6. ^ Spiritualist Art. Collection de l'Art Brut Lausanne.
  7. ^ Zion, Amy. "Art Brut in America & Unorthodox". Frieze. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  8. ^ Maclagan, David (2014). Line Let Loose: Scribbling, Doodling and Automatic Drawing. Reaktion Books. p. 116. ISBN 1780230826.
  9. ^ "Art Brut in America: The Incursion of Jean Dubuffet". American Folk Art Museum. Retrieved 11 March 2017.

External links[edit]