Jehoiachin's Rations Tablets
Tablet listing ration for King Jehoiachin and his sons, captives in Babylon
|Size||9.2 cm high, 10.5 wide|
|Writing||Akkadian language in cuneiform script|
|Created||Neo-Babylonian period (ca. 595–570 B.C.E.)|
|Discovered||within 1899 to 1917, near the Ishtar Gate|
|Present location||Museum of the Ancient Near East, Pergamon Museum, Berlin, room 6|
Jehoiachin's rations tablets date from the 6th century BC and describe the rations set aside for a royal captive identified with Jeconiah, king of Judah. Tablets from the royal archives of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon were unearthed in the ruins of Babylon that contain food rations paid to captives and craftsmen who lived in and around the city. On one of the tablets, "Ya’u-kīnu, king of the land of Yahudu" is mentioned along with his five sons listed as royal princes.
The tablets' text states:
Babylon 28122: "...t[o] Ia-'-u-kin, king..."
Babylon 28178: "10 (sila of oil) to ...Ia-'-kin, king of Ia[...] 21/ sila to [...so]ns of the king of Ia-a-hu-du"
Babylon 28186: "10 (sila) to Ia-ku-u-ki-nu, the son of the king of Ia-ku-du, 21/ sila for the 5 sons of the king of Ia-ku-du"
Another tablet reads:
11/ sila (oil) for three carpenters from Arvad, 1/ apiece,
111/ sila for eight wood workers from Byblos, . . .
31/ sila for seven Greek craftsman, 1/ sila apiece,
1/ sila to the carpenter, Nabuetir
10 sila to Ia-ku-u-ki-nu, the king of Judah’s son,
21/ sila for the five sons of the Judean king.
- Data from Clyde E. Fant; Mitchell G. Reddish (2008). Lost treasures of the Bible: Understanding the Bible through archaeological artifacts in world museums. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans. p. 218. ISBN 978-0-8028-2881-1.
- Thomas, David Winton (1958). Documents from Old Testament Times (1961 ed.). Edinburgh and London: Thomas Nelson. p. 84.
- Cf. 2 Kings 24:12, 24:15–24:16, 25:27–25:30; 2 Chronicles 36:9–36:10; Jeremiah 22:24–22:26, 29:2, 52:31–52:34; Ezekiel 17:12.
- "Babylonian Ration List: King Jehoiakhin in Exile, 592/1 BCE". COJS.org. The Center for Online Judaic Studies. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
Ya’u-kīnu, king of the land of Yahudu
- John Argubright (2013). "Jehoiachin's grain ration list". biblehistory.net. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
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