April 16, 1891|
|Died||November 30, 1958
|Alma mater||University of Pázmány Péter|
|Doctoral advisor||Leopold Fejér|
|Known for||König–Egerváry theorem|
|Notable awards||Gyula König Prize (1932), Kossuth Prize (1949)|
Egerváry was born in Debrecen in 1891. In 1914, he received his doctorate at the Pázmány Péter University in Budapest, where he studied under the supervision of Lipót Fejér. He then worked as an assistant at the Seismological Observatory in Budapest, and since 1918 as a professor at the Superior Industrial School in Budapest. In 1938 he was appointed Privatdozent at the Pázmány Péter University in Budapest.
In 1941 he became full professor at the Technical University of Budapest, and in 1950 he was appointed Chairman of the Scientific Council of the Research Institute for Applied Mathematics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
He committed suicide in 1958 because of the troubles caused to him by the communist bureaucracy.
In what later became a classic result in the field of combinatorial optimization, Egerváry generalized König's theorem to the case of weighted graphs. This contribution was translated and published in 1955 by Harold W. Kuhn, who also showed how to apply Kőnig's and Egerváry's method to solve the assignment problem; the resulting algorithm has since been known as the "Hungarian method".
- Rózsa 1984.
- Horváth 2005.
- Spedicato, Emilio (November 2008). "Ricordo di Egerváry" (PDF). Notiziario dell'Unione Matematica Italiana (in Italian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-30.
- Schrijver, Alexander (2003). Combinatorial Optimization – Polyhedra and Efficiency. Springer. ISBN 978-3-540-44389-6.
- Egerváry, Jenő (1931), "Matrixok kombinatorius tulajdonságairól" [On combinatorial properties of matrices], Matematikai és Fizikai Lapok (in Hungarian), 38: 16–28
- Kuhn, Harold W. (1955), "On combinatorial properties of matrices", Logistics Papers, George Washington University, 11: 1–11
- Kuhn, Harold W. (1955), "The Hungarian Method for the assignment problem", Naval Research Logistics Quarterly, 2: 83–97, doi:10.1002/nav.3800020109
- Rózsa, Pál (1984), "Jenő Egerváry – A great personality of the Hungarian mathematical school", Periodica Polytechnica Electrical Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, 28: 287–298
- Horváth, János (2005), A panorama of Hungarian mathematics in the twentieth century, 1, Springer
- Martello, Silvano (2010), "Jenő Egerváry: From the origins of the Hungarian algorithm to satellite communication", Central European Journal of Operations Research, Springer, 18: 47–58, doi:10.1007/s10100-009-0125-z
- Rapcsák, Tamás (2010), "The life and works of Jenő Egerváry (1891–1958)", Central European Journal of Operations Research, Springer, 18: 59–71, doi:10.1007/s10100-009-0127-x