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Ramat Eshkol bus bombing

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Ramat Eshkol bus bombing
Israel outline jerusalem.png
Red pog.svg
The attack site
Location Ramat Eshkol neighborhood of Jerusalem
Date August 21, 1995
7:45 am (GMT+2)
Attack type
suicide bombings
Deaths 4 civilians and one police officer (+1 bomber)
Non-fatal injuries
100 + mostly policemen[1]
Perpetrators Hamas claimed responsibility

The Ramat Eshkol bus bombing was a Hamas suicide attack on a city bus in the Ramat Eshkol neighborhood of Jerusalem on August 21, 1995.[2][3]

The Palestinian Islamist militant organization Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.[2][4]

The attack

Using a bomb designed by Yahya Ayyash, the female Palestinian suicide bomber Sufian Jabarin[5] detonated herself at 7:45 AM as a commuter bus passed through Ramat Eshkol.[6] Five people (including the bomber) were killed and more than one hundred were wounded. Many of the victims were policemen on their way to work at the national police headquarters and summer students en route to the Mount Scopus campus of Hebrew University. One of the victims was an American teacher from Connecticut[7] who was visiting Israel to gather material for her classes on Israeli history.[2] Another victim was paralyzed from the neck down during the attack and remained attached to a respirator until he died in 2005.[8]

Fatalities

The following people died in the attack:[8]

  • Rivka Cohen, 26, of Jerusalem[9]
  • Hannah Naeh, 56, of Jerusalem[10]
  • Joan Davenney, 46, of Connecticut[11]
  • Police Chief Superintendent Noam Aizenman, 35, of Jerusalem[12][13]
  • Yona Peter Malina, 38 - severely injured and remained attached to a respirator until he died on May 30, 2005.[8][14]

References

  1. ^ Edgar O'Ballance (27 July 2016). The Palestinian Intifada. Springer. pp. 196–. ISBN 978-1-349-26106-2. 
  2. ^ a b c Schmemann, Serge (22 August 1995). "Bus Bombing Kills Five in Jerusalem; 100 Are Wounded". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ Pedahzur, Ami (2010). The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231140430. 
  4. ^ Gartman, Eric (2015). Return to Zion: The History of Modern Israel. U of Nebraska Press. ISBN 9780827612457. 
  5. ^ http://www.alqassam.ps/arabic/upload/qassamion_5.pdf
  6. ^ Katz, Samuel, The Hunt for the Engineer, Lyons Press, 2002, ISBN 1-58574-749-1, 197-198
  7. ^ Mickolus, Edward F.; Simmons, Susan L. (1997). Terrorism, 1992-1995: A Chronology of Events and a Selectively Annotated Bibliography. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313304682. 
  8. ^ a b c "Fatal Terrorist Attacks in Israel Since the Declaration of Principles". MFA. 24 September 2000. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  9. ^ "אזרחים חללי פעולות איבה - חיפוש לפי שם, אירוע או מקום מגורים - רבקה ריקי כהן בן-חיים ז"ל". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "אזרחים חללי פעולות איבה - חיפוש לפי שם, אירוע או מקום מגורים - חנה נאה בן-יעקב ז"ל". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  11. ^ "אזרחים חללי פעולות איבה - חיפוש לפי שם, אירוע או מקום מגורים - ג'ון ג'וני דווני אדלשטיין ז"ל". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  12. ^ http://www.police.gov.il/gal-ed/noflim/NofelInfo.aspx?id=32886
  13. ^ http://www.ezy.co.il/uploads/168/19950821%2026%202.JPG
  14. ^ "אזרחים חללי פעולות איבה - חיפוש לפי שם, אירוע או מקום מגורים - יונה מלינה ז"ל". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 

Coordinates: 31°47′55″N 35°13′32″E / 31.7987°N 35.2255°E / 31.7987; 35.2255