Jaljulia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Jiljilia)
Jump to: navigation, search
Jaljulia
  • גַ'לְג'וּלְיָה
  • جلجولية
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Ǧalǧúlya
 • Also spelled Jaljulye (official)
Djaouliyeh,[1] Djeldjoulieh[2] (unofficial)
Southern entrance to Jaljulia
Southern entrance to Jaljulia
Official logo of Jaljulia
Logo
Jaljulia is located in Israel
Jaljulia
Jaljulia
Coordinates: 32°09′13″N 34°57′06″E / 32.15353°N 34.9518°E / 32.15353; 34.9518Coordinates: 32°09′13″N 34°57′06″E / 32.15353°N 34.9518°E / 32.15353; 34.9518
Grid position 145/173 PAL
District Central
Government
 • Type Local council
Area
 • Total 1,900 dunams (1.9 km2 or 500 acres)
Population (2009)[3]
 • Total 8,500

Jaljulia (Hebrew: גַ'לְג'וּלְיָה, Arabic: جلجولية‎), officially also spelled Jaljulye,[4] is an Arab town in Israel near Kfar Saba. In 2011, it had a population of 9,000.[5]

History[edit]

In Roman times the village was known as Galgulis,[6] in while during the Crusader period it was referred to as Jorgilia in 1241 C.E.[7]

In 1265 C.E. (663 H) it is known that the Sultan Baybars allocated equal shares of the village to three of his amirs. One of these, amir Badr al-Din Baktash al-Fakri, included his section of the village in a waqf he established.[8]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared located in the nahiya (subdistrict) of Banu Sa´b under the Liwa of Nablus, with a population of 100 households ("Khana"). It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat and barley, as well as "summer crops", "occasional revenues", "goats and bees", and a market toll. There was also a poll tax, jizya, paid by all the inhabitants in Sanjak of Nablus. All the inhabitants were Muslim.[9]

Jaljulia appeared under the name of Gelgeli on Jacotin's map drawn-up during Napoleon's invasion in 1799.[10]

In 1870, Victor Guérin found that the at the village had six hundred inhabitants.[2] In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as being a large adobe village on the plain. The mosque was described as fine, but ruined. A ruined Khan was also mentioned. Water was supplied by a well on the west side of the village.[11]

During the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I, the village was on the Ottoman front line and was damaged by British artillery.[12]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jaljulieh had a population of 123, all Muslims,[13] increasing in the 1931 census to 260, still all Muslim, in a total of 60 houses.[14]

By 1945, the village had 740 inhabitants, all classified as Arabs. They owned a total of 11,873 dunams of land, while 447 dunams were public. Jews owned 365 dunams of land.[15] A total of 2,708 dunams were for citrus and bananas, 175 dunams for plantations and irrigable land, 9,301 for cereals,[16] while 15 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[17]

After the 1948 war, Jaljulia was on the Arab side of the ceasefire line and its land was confiscated by Israel.[12] It was transferred to Israel in the 1951 armistice agreement but failed to recover its land, which had been given to new Israeli settlements.[12]

Landmarks[edit]

The mosque is locally known as Jami Abu´l - Awn, which associates it with the 15th-century religious leader Shams al-Din Abu´l - Awn Muhammad al-Ghazzi, who is known to have come from the town.[18] The architecture of the mosque is, according to Petersen, consistent with a 15th or early 16th century construction date.[19]

At present the structure consists of one large vaulted chamber, and three small barrel-vaulted cells. A large second chamber to the west was destroyed by British artillery during World War I.[19]

Mamluk Khan, Jaljulia

The Khan is located opposite side of the road of the mosque.

The Khan was built by Sayf al-Din Tankiz, the governor of Damascus 1312-1340,[20] and it was still functioning in the 16th century, when it was mentioned in an Ottoman firman.[21] In the 19th century it was seen by Guérin, who described it as a beautiful khan with a (ruined) polygonal minaret.[22]

Petersen, who surveyed the structure in 1996, found the courtyard entirely overgrown and it was not possible to detect any features within, however, he notes that a 19th-century visitor had mentioned that there was "a great round well" in the centre.[23]

Sports[edit]

In 2010, a tennis school was established in Jaljulia by Iman Jabber and Daniel Kessel. In 2011, 50 girls and 20 boys signed up for tennis lessons. The school organizes coexistence matches between Jaljulia and Ra'anana.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ al-'Ulaymi, 1876, p.148
  2. ^ a b Guérin, 1875, pp. 368-369
  3. ^ "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2010-12-18. 
  4. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.230
  5. ^ a b Mixed Doubles, Haaretz
  6. ^ TIR, p. 128, cited Petersen, 2001, p. 175
  7. ^ Delaville Le Roulx, 1883, p. 176- 177, no. 74; cited in Röhricht, 1893, RHH, p. 286, no 1100; cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 175
  8. ^ MPF 92, no 20; Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 178
  9. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 140
  10. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 170
  11. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, pp. 288-289
  12. ^ a b c Andrew Petersen (1997). "Jaljuliya: a Village on the Cairo-Damascus Road". Levant XXIX: 95–114. doi:10.1179/lev.1997.29.1.95. 
  13. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 27
  14. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 55
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970 p. 75
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 125
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 175
  18. ^ Mayer et al., 1950, p. 29, 37. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.177
  19. ^ a b Petersen, 2001, p. 178
  20. ^ According to Maqrizi, Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.178
  21. ^ Heyd, 1969, p.110. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.178
  22. ^ Guérin, 1875, Samarie II, 368-9. Translated and cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 179
  23. ^ Ritter, 1866, vol 4, p. 249. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 178

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]