|• ISO 259||Ǧalǧúlya|
|• Also spelled||Jaljulye (official)
Djaouliyeh, Djeldjoulieh (unofficial)
Southern entrance to Jaljulia
|Grid position||145/173 PAL|
|• Type||Local council|
|• Total||1,900 dunams (1.9 km2 or 500 acres)|
In 1265 C.E. (663 H) it is known that the Sultan Baybars allocated equal shares of the village to three of his amirs. One of these, amir Badr al-Din Baktash al-Fakri, included his section of the village in a waqf he established.
In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared located in the nahiya (subdistrict) of Banu Sa´b under the Liwa of Nablus, with a population of 100 households ("Khana"). It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat and barley, as well as "summer crops", "occasional revenues", "goats and bees", and a market toll. There was also a poll tax, jizya, paid by all the inhabitants in Sanjak of Nablus. All the inhabitants were Muslim.
In 1870, Victor Guérin found that the at the village had six hundred inhabitants. In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as being a large adobe village on the plain. The mosque was described as fine, but ruined. A ruined Khan was also mentioned. Water was supplied by a well on the west side of the village.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jaljulieh had a population of 123, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 260, still all Muslim, in a total of 60 houses.
By 1945, the village had 740 inhabitants, all classified as Arabs. They owned a total of 11,873 dunams of land, while 447 dunams were public. Jews owned 365 dunams of land. A total of 2,708 dunams were for citrus and bananas, 175 dunams for plantations and irrigable land, 9,301 for cereals, while 15 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
After the 1948 war, Jaljulia was on the Arab side of the ceasefire line and its land was confiscated by Israel. It was transferred to Israel in the 1951 armistice agreement but failed to recover its land, which had been given to new Israeli settlements.
The mosque is locally known as Jami Abu´l - Awn, which associates it with the 15th-century religious leader Shams al-Din Abu´l - Awn Muhammad al-Ghazzi, who is known to have come from the town. The architecture of the mosque is, according to Petersen, consistent with a 15th or early 16th century construction date.
The Khan is located opposite side of the road of the mosque.
The Khan was built by Sayf al-Din Tankiz, the governor of Damascus 1312-1340, and it was still functioning in the 16th century, when it was mentioned in an Ottoman firman. In the 19th century it was seen by Guérin, who described it as a beautiful khan with a (ruined) polygonal minaret.
Petersen, who surveyed the structure in 1996, found the courtyard entirely overgrown and it was not possible to detect any features within, however, he notes that a 19th-century visitor had mentioned that there was "a great round well" in the centre.
In 2010, a tennis school was established in Jaljulia by Iman Jabber and Daniel Kessel. In 2011, 50 girls and 20 boys signed up for tennis lessons. The school organizes coexistence matches between Jaljulia and Ra'anana.
- al-'Ulaymi, 1876, p.148
- Guérin, 1875, pp. 368-369
- "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
- Palmer, 1881, p.230
- Mixed Doubles, Haaretz
- TIR, p. 128, cited Petersen, 2001, p. 175
- Delaville Le Roulx, 1883, p. 176- 177, no. 74; cited in Röhricht, 1893, RHH, p. 286, no 1100; cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 175
- MPF 92, no 20; Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 178
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 140
- Karmon, 1960, p. 170
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, pp. 288-289
- Andrew Petersen (1997). "Jaljuliya: a Village on the Cairo-Damascus Road". Levant XXIX: 95–114. doi:10.1179/lev.1918.104.22.168.
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 27
- Mills, 1932, p. 55
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970 p. 75
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 125
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 175
- Mayer et al., 1950, p. 29, 37. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.177
- Petersen, 2001, p. 178
- According to Maqrizi, Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.178
- Heyd, 1969, p.110. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.178
- Guérin, 1875, Samarie II, 368-9. Translated and cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 179
- Ritter, 1866, vol 4, p. 249. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 178
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jaljulia.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine.
- Buchennino, Aviva (2010-09-05). Jaljuliya (Gilgal). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Clermont-Ganneau, Charles Simon (1896). [ARP] Archaeological Researches in Palestine 1873-1874, translated from the French by J. McFarlane 2. London: Palestine Exploration Fund. ( p.37, p.340)
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Delaville Le Roulx, Joseph (1883). Les archives, la bibliothèque et le trésor de l'Ordre de Saint-Jean de Jérusalem à Malte (in French and Latin). Paris: E. Thorin.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hartmann, Richard (1910): Die Straße von Damaskus nach Kairo Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft › Bd. 64, passim; (Cited in Petersen, 2001)
- Heyd, Uriel (1960): Ottoman Documents on Palestine, 1552-1615, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Cited in Petersen (2001)
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Karmon, Y. (1960). "An Analysis of Jacotin's Map of Palestine" (PDF). Israel Exploration Journal 10 (3,4): 155–173; 244–253.
- Mayer, L. A., Pinkerfeld, J. and Yadin, Y. (1950), Some Principal Muslim Religious Buildings in Israel, Ministry of religious affairs, Jerusalem. Cited in Petersen (2001)
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- MPF: Ipsirli and al-Tamimi (1982): The Muslim Pious Foundations and Real Estates in Palestine. Gazza, Al-Quds al-Sharif, Nablus and Ajlun Districts according to 16th-Century Ottoman Tahrir Registers, Organisation of Islamic Conference, Istanbul 1402/1982. Cited in Petersen (2001).
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Petersen, Andrew (2001). A Gazetteer of Buildings in Muslim Palestine (British Academy Monographs in Archaeology) 1. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-727011-0.
- Ritter, Carl (1866): The comparative geography of Palestine and the Sinaitic Peninsula, vol 4
- Röhricht, Reinhold (1893). Regesta regni Hierosolymitani (MXCVII-MCCXCI) (in Latin). Berlin: Libraria Academica Wageriana.
- al-'Ulaymi Sauvaire (editor) (1876): Histoire de Jérusalem et d'Hébron depuis Abraham jusqu'à la fin du XVe siècle de J.-C. : fragments de la Chronique de Moudjir-ed-dyn Index: pp 115, 148, 154, 266
- Official website (Hebrew) (Arabic)
- Arabic website (Arabic)
- CBS statistics on Jaljuliya (Hebrew)
- Welcome To Jaljuliya
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA, Wikimedia commons