Josceline Percy, 11th Earl of Northumberland

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Josceline Percy
Earl of Northumberland
JoscelinePercy 11thEarlOfNorthumberland BySirPeterLely PetworthHouse.jpg
Josceline Percy, 11th Earl of Northumberland, portrait c.1670/1673 by Sir Peter Lely (1618–1680), collection of National Trust, Petworth House
Spouse(s) Lady Elizabeth Wriothesley
Issue
Henry Percy, Lord Percy
Lady Elizabeth Percy
Noble family House of Percy
Father Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland
Mother Elizabeth Howard
Born 4 July 1644
Died 31 May 1670

Josceline (or Joceline) Percy, 11th Earl of Northumberland, 5th Baron Percy (4 July 1644–Turin, 31 May 1670), of Alnwick Castle, Northumberland and Petworth House, Sussex, was an English peer.[1]

Origins[edit]

Percy was the eldest son of Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland (1602-1668), KG, by his second wife, Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk (1584-1640), KG.

Career[edit]

He served as a Page of Honour at the coronation of King Charles II on 23 April 1661 and on 4 November 1661 entered the Inner Temple for legal training.[1]

Marriage & progeny[edit]

On 23 December 1662 he married Lady Elizabeth Wriothesley, 3rd daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton,[1] by whom he had progeny as follows:

Principal estates[edit]

  • Topcliffe Castle, Yorkshire, recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as held by William I de Percy (d.1096), whom it served as the caput of the feudal barony of Topcliffe. The Percy family's most ancient English seat.
  • Petworth, Sussex, acquired by Joscelin of Louvain (d.1180), husband of Agnes de Percy, one of the two daughters and co-heiresses of William II de Percy (d.1174/5), feudal baron of Topcliffe in Yorkshire (grandson of William I de Percy (d.1096)). Jocelin's younger son Richard "de Percy" (d.1244) adopted the surname "de Percy" and inherited his father's estate of Petworth and a moiety of his maternal barony of Topcliffe. Richard died without progeny when his estates descended to his nephew William III "de Percy" (1197-1245), grandson of Jocelin de Louvain, who had inherited the other moiety of Topcliffe from his great-aunt Maud de Percy.[2]
Canting arms of Lucy of Cockermouth Castle: Gules, three lucies hauriant argent

Following the death of his grandson Algernon Seymour, 7th Duke of Somerset in 1750, the former Percy estates were split between the Smithson ("Percy", Duke of Northumberland) and Wyndham (Earl of Egremont) families.

Death & succession[edit]

Following his death in 1670, without a male heir, the earl's titles became extinct and his estates passed to his only daughter and sole heiress, Lady Elizabeth Percy (1667–1722). She married Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset (1662-1748), thus forming one of the most wealthy couples in England.[6] The title Earl of Northumberland was re-created in 1748 for his daughter's son Algernon Seymour, 7th Duke of Somerset (1684-1750), with special remainder to the latter's son-in-law Sir Hugh Smithson, 4th Baronet (1715-1786), later created Duke of Northumberland, who changed his surname to Percy and inherited the ancient Percy seat of Alnwick Castle. The 7th Duke of Somerset was also created Earl of Egremont in 1749, with special remainder to his nephew Sir Charles Wyndham, 4th Baronet (1710-1763), who inherited the other part of the Percy estates, namely Petworth House in Sussex and Egremont Castle in Cumbria.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Doyle, James William Edmund (1886). The official baronage of England: showing the succession, dignities, and offices of every peer from 1066 to 1885. 2. Longmans, Green. p. 665. Retrieved 1 February 2010. 
  2. ^ Sanders, I.J., English Baronies, Oxford, 1960, p.148, Topcliffe, Yorkshire
  3. ^ Sanders, I.J., English Baronies, Oxford, 1960, p.103, Alnwick, Northumberland
  4. ^ Daniel Lysons and Samuel Lysons, 'Cockermouth', in Magna Britannia: Volume 4, Cumberland (London, 1816), pp. 40-45 http://www.british-history.ac.uk/magna-britannia/vol4/pp40-45
  5. ^ http://www.edgeguide.co.uk/cumbria/egremontcastle.html
  6. ^ "Petworth House and Park: History". National Trust. Retrieved 20 March 2015. 
Honorary titles
English Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland
jointly with The Earl of Northumberland 1660–1668

1660–1670
Succeeded by
The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Preceded by
The Earl of Southampton
Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire
1667–1670
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Winchester
Preceded by
The Earl of Northumberland
Lord Lieutenant of Sussex
1668–1670
Succeeded by
The Earl of Dorset
Lord Buckhurst
Custos Rotulorum of Sussex
1668–1670
Succeeded by
The Earl of Dorset
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Algernon Percy
Earl of Northumberland
1668–1670
Extinct