||This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (March 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Occupation||Poet, Translator, Author and Teacher|
|Employer||আরডিংলি কলেজ, সাসেক্স|
Joe Winter is a British educationist and poet who has translated poets Rabindranath Tagore and Jibanananda Das. His latest book is a scholarly work titled Two Loves I Have: a new reading of Shakespeare’s Sonnets, published from London in 2016.
Winter was born in London in 1943 and educated at, amongst others, Exeter College, Oxford. He taught English in secondary schools in London from 1967 to 1994. Taking early retirement, he moved to India and lived in Calcutta until the end of 2006. Then he went back home and resettled in London. He learned Bengali during this period and started to translate Bengali literary works into English. While in Calcutta, Winter regularly contributed to The Statesman newspaper. He taught in Ardingly College, Sussex from 2007-2011.
Winter began to write poetry in 1962. His A Miracle was published in 1972. He has also written literary articles and essays. His works have been compiled in eleven volumes of poetry, an autobiography and a book on the poetry of schoolchildren. Just after arriving in India in 1994 he published Indian Song. The following year he published Night out, Meditation and Birth of spring. The same year another anthology of poems titled Page torn from a diary was brought out. The Green Box was published in 1996. Another collection of poems 1984 was published in 1997. A literary essay titled "In defence of poetry" was published in 1996. "To do with freedom" was published in 2000.
Winter composed a number of poems during his Calcutta life which have been published under the title Guest and Host. According to the book cover, this group of poems "records the experience of being welcomed into the household of a foreign country". Many of the poems deal with the commonplace. The majority of the volume comprises two long poems. The first, a sonnet-sequence, "Guest and Host", from which the collection takes its title; and the other a poem on the 2001 earthquake in Kutch, "Earthquake at Kutch". "Guest and Host" is predominantly lyrical in style and diction; in "Highway 34" he writes as follows:
Sometimes when I walk where trees were tall
I am in a prisoner-of-war camp debating poetry
with Colonel-General Loblein. Hostilities were over
and I was in charge of the German Officers' 'hostel'
outside Jessore. As part of my duties
I re-interpreted the Geneva Convention on canteen rights.
"Earthquake at Kutch" is less lyrical:
Shadows of trees, branch-shadows, shadows of leaves
stray in the dust. Only the trees are standing.
Slight shapes chequer a quiet space of ground.
In addition to poetry of his own, Winter has published translations of Rabindranath Tagore's Song Offerings (Gitanjali) and other works. In collaboration with Devadatta Joardar, he also translated Tagore's autobiographical Atmaparichay under the title Of Myself.
Winter translated Rupasi Bangla of poet Jibanananda Das. Other poems of Jibanananda translated by him have been collected in a book titled Naked Lonely Hand. He also translated songs of Lalan Fakir into English which were published in The Statesman. Winter's The Golden Boat, a collection of Tagore poems (Sonaar Tori) in English translation, has been published by Anvil Press.
Writers Workshop, Kolkata, have brought out his poetry in 20 books. He published Calcutta Song (Sahitya Samsad) which is an account in prose and poetry of living in Kolkata for a decade. He profusely translated Bengali poetry into English. These include: Song Offerings (the full original Gitanjali by Rabindranath Tagore), The Golden Boat (a selection of Tagore’s poems from first to last), Of Myself (Tagore’s Atmaparichay, co-translated with Devadatta Joardar), Naked Lonely Hand (a selection of the poems of Jibanananda Das), Bengal the Beautiful (translation of the Rupasi Bangla by Jibanananda), Dark (poems of Susmita Bhattacharya) and Lipika (a volume of prose poems and short stories by Tagore). His latest book is a scholarly work titled ‘Two Loves I Have: a new reading of Shakespeare’s Sonnets’, published in 2016.