Johann Adolph Hass

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the maker of keyboard instruments. For the composer, see Johann Adolph Hasse.
Johann Adolph Hass
Baptised 12 March 1713
Died buried 29 May 1771
Other names
  • Johan
  • Haas
  • Hasse
  • Hase
  • Hasch
Citizenship Hamburg
Occupation maker of keyboard instruments

Johann Adolph Rudolph Hass (baptised 12 March 1713, buried 29 May 1771), usually known as Johann Adolph Hass, was a German maker of clavichords, harpsichords and possibly organs. He was the son of Hieronymus Albrecht Hass, also a maker of keyboard instruments.

Life[edit]

Hass was born in the Imperial Free City of Hamburg, and was baptised on 12 March 1713. He became a citizen of the city on 28 October 1746, and was admitted to the chamber of commerce in the following year.[1]

There is no mention of either Hass before 1758, when Jakob Adlung mentioned a cembal d'amour made by "Hasse in Hamburg".[1] Both father and son are mentioned in the German translation of Charles Burney's The Present State of Music in Germany, the Netherlands, and United Provinces (1773): "Hasse, father and son, of Hamburg, both dead; their harpsichords and clavichords are much sought after".[2]:238 Ernst Ludwig Gerber said much the same in his Historischbiographisches Lexicon of 1790.[2]:238

Hass died in Hamburg and was buried on 29 May 1771. His business may have been continued by Johann Christoffer Krogmann, a builder of fortepianos who was married to Hass's daughter Margaretha Catharina.[1]

Instruments[edit]

Hass's instruments are cleverly designed, strongly built, richly decorated and finely finished.[2]:238

He built large clavichords of the kind that post-Baroque composers such as Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach wrote for, with good tone and volume, and capable of expressive bebung.[1]

Eight Hass harpsichords are known to survive. A massive instrument by Johann Adolph with two manuals and five sets of strings (16', 2 × 8', 4', 2'), with tortoiseshell natural keys and ivory-topped sharps, dates from 1760–1761, and is now in the Yale University Collection of Musical Instruments in New Haven, Connecticut.[3]:312–313 A single-manual instrument from 1764, with two 8' and one 4' sets of strings, is in the Russell Collection in Edinburgh.[3]:313–314

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Donald Howard Boalch, Peter Williams, Alexander Pilipczuk ([n.d.]). Hass. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Accessed March 2017. (subscription required).
  2. ^ a b c Hendrik Broekman (2007). Hass. In: Igor Kipnis (editor) (2007). The Harpsichord and Clavichord: An Encyclopedia, volume 2 of Encyclopedia of Keyboard Instruments. Abingdon, Oxfordshire; New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780415937658.
  3. ^ a b Edward L. Kottick (2003). A History of the Harpsichord. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253341662.

Further reading[edit]

  • Raymond Russell, The Harpsichord and Clavichord (London, 1959, 2/1973)
  • Frank Hubbard, Three Centuries of Harpsichord Making (Cambridge, MA, 1965, 2/1967)