John Arthur Roebuck Rudge

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John Arthur Roebuck Rudge (26 July 1837 – 3 January 1903)[1] was a British instrument maker and inventor, noted for his contributions to cinematography. He collaborated with William Friese-Greene and in 1875, he invented the Rudge Projector, known as the Biophantic Lantern, further developed and enhanced as the Biophantascope, or Phantascope (not to be confused with the Fantoscope of Robertson, or the Phantoscope of Jenkins).[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Rudge Centenary". Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette. British Newspaper Archive. 9 January 1937. p. 10. (subscription required)
  2. ^ Who's Who of Victorian Cinema