John Baldwin (judge)
|Sir John Baldwin|
|Died||24 October 1545|
|Burial place||Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire|
|Parent(s)||William Baldwin, Jane (maiden name unknown)|
Sir John Baldwin (died 24 October 1545) was an English lawyer and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.
According to Baker, John Baldwin, born 11 August 1470, was a younger son of William Baldwin (died c.1479) of Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, and Agnes Dormer, the daughter of William Dormer of West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire. However, according to The Visitation of Buckinghamshire and other sources, Agnes Dormer, the daughter of William Dormer (d.1506) of West Wycombe, was John Baldwin's first wife, not his mother.
Baldwin is said to have had an elder brother, Richard Baldwin (d.1484).
Baldwin's uncle, also named John Baldwin (d. 1469), had a legal career in London as a bencher of Gray's Inn and common serjeant of the City. At his death in 1469 his estates in Aylesbury were inherited in turn by Baldwin's father, William, by Baldwin's elder brother, Richard (d.1484), and in 1484 by Baldwin himself.
Details of John Baldwin's early legal career are sparse. He joined the Inner Temple at some time before 1500, and was practicing in the Court of Requests by 1506. He was appointed a Justice of the Peace for Buckinghamshire in 1510. He gave his first reading at the Inner Temple in 1516, and served as treasurer from 1521-3.
He gave a third reading at the Inner Temple in 1531, and was appointed a Serjeant-at-law and King's Serjeant in the same year. In 1534 he was knighted, which Sir John Spelman considered 'unprecedented' for a serjeant.
Further details of Baldwin's judicial career can be gleaned from the reports of Sir James Dyer, whose opinion of Baldwin was not always complimentary. In June 1535 Baldwin was required to pass sentence of treason on the Carthusian priors, as the remaining justices had departed before the verdict was rendered. Then, in later life Baldwin added to his landed estates. In 1536 he purchased a country home at Little Marlow, and in 1540 the site of the former Greyfriars monastery in Aylesbury. In 1538 Baldwin was involved, through no fault of his own, in a miscarriage of justice at the assizes at Bury, when a man was convicted of murder on the evidence of his young son, and after his execution it was discovered that the alleged victim was still alive.
Baldwin was a circuit judge in Norfolk until 1541, and then served on the home circuit. After the death of Sir Robert Norwich, he was appointed Chief Justice of the Common Pleas on 19 April 1535, and served in that capacity until his death.
Marriages and issue
According to Baker, although the identity of Baldwin's first wife is 'uncertain', her first name was probably Agnes, and she was the mother of Baldwin's son, William, and three daughters, Agnes, Pernell and Alice: However, as noted above, according to other sources, Baldwin's first wife was Agnes Dormer, the daughter of William Dormer (d.1506) of West Wycombe, and the sister of Sir Robert Dormer (d. 1552).
- William Baldwin (d.1538), was a lawyer of the Inner Temple. He married Mary Tyringham, the daughter of Thomas Tyringham (d. 28 September 1526) of Tyringham, Buckinghamshire, by Anne Catesby, daughter of Sir Humphrey Catesby of Whiston, Northamptonshire, but predeceased his father, leaving no issue.
- Agnes Baldwin married Robert Pakington (d.1536). Their son, Sir Thomas Pakington (died 2 June 1571), was one of Baldwin's heirs.
- Pernell Baldwin married firstly Thomas Ramsey of Hitcham, Buckinghamshire, by whom she had a daughter, Elizabeth Ramsey, and secondly Edward Borlase (d.1544), Citizen and Mercer of London. Their eldest son, John Borlase (c.1528 – 6 May 1593), esquire, was one of Baldwin's heirs, and was bequeathed all Baldwin's law books. He married Anne Lytton, the daughter of Sir Robert Lytton (d.1550) of Knebworth. After the death of his first wife, Pernell Baldwin, Edward Borlase married Joan Dormer, the daughter of Sir Michael Dormer.
- Alice Baldwin was the last abbess of Burnham Abbey. She survived her father by only a few months, and in her will made provision for the erection of a marble tomb with depictions of her parents and their children.
In 1518 Baldwin married Anne (née Norris), widow of William Wroughton (d. before 1515), and daughter of Sir William Norris (d.1507) of Yattendon, Berkshire, by his third wife, Anne Horne. She is said to have become insane before Baldwin's death, and in October 1545 Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, suggested that she be placed in the care of her son by her first marriage, Sir William Wroughton (d. 4 September 1559). Three months later Anne was sent to live with her kinswoman, Mary (née Norris) Carew (d.1570), widow of Vice-Admiral Sir George Carew (c.1504 – 19 July 1545), and daughter of Henry Norris (b. before 1500, d. 1536) of Bray, Berkshire, and his wife, Mary. The date of Anne's death is not known.
- Baker 2004.
- Metcalfe 1883, pp. 11-12, 27-88.
- Baldwin 1881, p. 15.
- According to Baldwin, 'the error of making Sir John [Baldwin] the son of William [Baldwin], said to have married Agnes Dormer, arose from an erroneous transcript of the Dormer will, in the Collin[s] Peerage, more than a century ago.
- Metcalfe 1883, pp. 11-12, 27-8.
- Brydges states that his name was John; Brydges 1789, p. 498.
- Lipscomb IV 1847, p. 374.
- Marshall 2004.
- Gibbs 1888, p. 311.
- Lipscomb 1847, pp. 8-9.
- Phillimore 1888, p. 103.
- Richardson II 2011, p. 461.
- Richardson II 2011, p. 422.
- Stapleton, Anthony (by 1514-74), of the Inner Temple, London, History of Parliament Retrieved 17 May 2013.
- Norcliffe 1881, pp. 295-6.
- 'House of Austin nuns: The abbey of Burnham', A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 1 (1905), pp. 382-384 Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Richardson II 2011, p. 106.
- Ives 2004.
- Cooper 2004.
- Wroughton, Sir William (1509/10-59), of Broad Hinton, Wiltshire, History of Parliament Retrieved 13 May 2013.
- Baldwin, John (1468/69-1545), of Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, History of Parliament Retrieved 13 May 2013.
- Baker, John (2004). "Baldwin, Sir John (bap. before 1470, d. 1545)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1166. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) The first edition of this text is available as an article on Wikisource: "Baldwin, John". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Baldwin, Charles Candee (1881). The Baldwin Genealogy, From 1500 to 1881. Cleveland, Ohio: Leader Printing Company. pp. 13–15. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
- Brydges, Egerton; Shaw, Stebbing (1789). The Topographer for the Year 1789. I. London: Robson. pp. 497–8.
- Carter, P.R.N. (2004). "Tasburgh , Dorothy (1531–1577)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/68014. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Cooper, J.P.D. (2004). "Carew, Sir George (c.1504–1545)id=38895". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Gibbs, Robert (1888). Worthies of Buckinghamshire. Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire: Robert Gibbs. pp. 309–12. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Ives, E.W. (2004). "Norris, Henry (b. before 1500, d. 1536)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/20271. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Lipscomb, George (1847). The History and Antiquities of the County of Buckingham. II. London: J. & W. Robins. pp. 8–9, 14, 209. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- Lipscomb, George (1847). The History and Antiquities of the County of Buckingham. IV. London: J. & W. Robins. p. 374. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
- Marshall, Peter (2004). "Pakington, Robert (b. in or before 1489, d. 1536)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/96818. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Metcalfe, Walter C., ed. (1883). The Visitation of Buckinghamshire in 1566. Exeter: William Pollard. pp. 11–12, 27–8. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
- Norcliffe, Charles Best (1881). The Visitation of Yorkshire in the Years 1563 and 1564. XVI. London: Harleian Society. pp. 295–6. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
- Phillimore, W.P.W., ed. (1888). The Visitation of the County of Worcester Made in the Year 1569. XXVII. London: Harleian Society. pp. 101–3. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966381.
- Will of Sir John Baldwin, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas of Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, proved 27 October 1545, National Archives Retrieved 29 April 2013
- Will of Alice Baldwin of Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, proved 2 March 1546, National Archives Retrieved 29 April 2013
- Will of William Dormer of West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, proved 7 October 1506, PROB 11/15/245, National Archives Retrieved 11 May 2013
- Will of Edward Borlase, Mercer of London, proved 16 June 1544, PROB 11/30/136, National Archives Retrieved 12 May 2013
- Will of William Baldwin, proved 24 April 1539, PROB 11/27/450, National Archives Retrieved 12 May 2003
|Parliament of England|
|Member of Parliament for Hindon
Sir Robert Norwich
|Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
Sir Edward Montagu