John Beloff

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John Beloff
John Beloff in 1953.png
Born 19 April 1920
Died 1 June 2006 (2006-07) (aged 86)
Occupation Parapsychologist, psychologist
Relatives Max Beloff, Baron Beloff (brother)
Renee Soskin (sister)
Anne Beloff-Chain (sister)
Nora Beloff (sister)

John Beloff (19 April 1920 – 1 June 2006) was a psychology professor at Edinburgh University and parapsychologist.

Biography[edit]

He was born and brought up in London, and was from a Russian Jewish family. He was the brother of the historian Max Beloff, the politician and educationalist Renee Soskin, the biochemist Anne Beloff-Chain, and the journalist Nora Beloff. He served in the British Army in the Second World War. He worked in an architect's office, then studied at London University, where he graduated in 1952. After a year at the University of Illinois he did a doctorate at Queen's University Belfast, finishing in 1956. He started at Edinburgh in 1962 and worked there until his retirement.

Beloff had been interested in parapsychology from an early age and served as president of the Society for Psychical Research from 1974-1976. He was an executor of Arthur Koestler's will in 1983 and was instrumental in setting up the first UK chair of parapsychology, the Koestler Parapsychology Unit at Edinburgh in 1985.[1][2][3]

Reception[edit]

Beloff's belief in paranormal powers and parapsychological statements were heavily criticized by psychologist Nicholas Humphrey for being based on wishful thinking.[4]

Science writer Martin Gardner dismissed Beloff as credulous and willing to believe. Beloff had endorsed some fraudulent mediums such as Helen Duncan. Gardner quoted Beloff as admitting "my own ignorance of conjuring techniques may have misled me", but Gardner noted despite this, he still went on believing. Beloff had endorsed levitations, psychic surgery, the "thoughtographs" of Ted Serios and various spiritualist mediums as genuine evidence for the paranormal.[5]

Beloff favoured mind-body dualism. This view was criticized by Margaret Boden a Professor of cognitive science in a detailed review.[6]

Publications[edit]

  • The Existence of Mind (1964)
  • Parapsychology: The Way Ahead (1974)
  • The Importance of Psychical Research (1988)
  • The Relentless Question: Reflections on the Paranormal (1990)
  • Parapsychology: A Concise History (1997)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". WordPress.com. Koestler Parapsychology Unit. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "Obituary: John Beloff". The Guardian. 4 July 2006. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "John Beloff". The Times. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Humphrey, Nicholas. (1995). Soul Searching: Human Nature and Supernatural Belief. Chatto & Windus. pp. 68-234. ISBN 978-0701159634
  5. ^ Gardner, Martin. (1992). Chapter John Beloff Seeks the Holy Grail. In On the Wild Side. Prometheus Books. ISBN 978-1591021155
  6. ^ Boden, Margaret A. (1964). The Existence of Mind by John Beloff. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. Vol. 14, No. 56. pp. 366-368.

External links[edit]