John Bruce (Canada)

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John Bruce c. 1869

John Bruce (or Brousse) (1837 – 26 October 1893) was the first president of the Métis provisional government at the Red River Colony during the Red River Rebellion of 1869. He resigned because he was sick and his secretary, Louis Riel became the president.[1]

The son of Pierre Bruce and Marguerite Desrosiers, he was a carpenter by trade. Bruce married Angélique Gaudry. He was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia and served as Superintendent of Public Works for the provisional government.[1]

Sometime after 1874, he moved to Leroy, North Dakota. Bruce died in Leroy in 1893 after falling ill the previous year.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Ronaghan, N E Allen (1990). "Bruce, John". In Halpenny, Francess G. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. XII (1891–1900) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.