John Calvin Coolidge Sr.
John Calvin Coolidge Sr.
|Member of the Vermont Senate from Windsor County|
Serving with Edward A. Davis
Edward H. Edgerton
|Preceded by||F. Thomas Kidder|
Edward B. Flinn
Loyal E. Sherwin
|Succeeded by||Herbert H. Blanchard|
David A. Elliott
Don C. Pollard
|Member of the Vermont House of Representatives from Plymouth|
|Preceded by||Charles A. Scott|
|Succeeded by||Alonzo F. Hubbard|
|Justice of the Peace from the town of Plymouth, Vermont|
|Member of the Plymouth, Vermont Selectboard|
|Born||March 31, 1845|
Plymouth, Vermont, U.S
|Died||March 18, 1926 (aged 80)|
Plymouth, Vermont, U.S
|Occupation||Businessman, Politician, Banker, Farmer|
State of Vermont
|Years of service||1860-1869|
|Unit||10th Regiment, Vermont Militia|
Military staff of Governor William W. Stickney
|Commands||Company K, 10th Regiment|
John Calvin Coolidge Sr. (March 31, 1845 – March 18, 1926) was an American politician and businessman from Vermont, and the father of John Calvin Coolidge Jr., the 30th President of the United States. He administered the presidential oath of office to his son at their family homestead on the early morning of August 3, 1923, following the death of President Warren G. Harding.
Born in Plymouth, Vermont, John C. Coolidge was a farmer and store owner, and worked at a variety of other occupations, including banker and insurance broker. In addition, he was a veteran of the Vermont militia, and held the law enforcement posts of town constable and county deputy sheriff. Considered a prominent local leader, he served in numerous Plymouth town offices, and was elected to terms in both the Vermont House of Representatives and Vermont State Senate.
John C. Coolidge remained active in his farming and business interests until his death in Plymouth in 1926; he was buried in Plymouth Notch at a village cemetery where several generations of his family are also buried.
Political and business career
Coolidge was born in Plymouth, Vermont on March 31, 1845, the son of Calvin Galusha Coolidge and Sarah Coolidge. Calvin G. Coolidge was a farmer, and also served in the Vermont House of Representatives. John Coolidge graduated from Black River Academy, and served in Vermont during the American Civil War as commander of the state militia's Company K, 10th Regiment with the rank of captain.
Early in his life, Coolidge worked as a woodcutter and wheelwright. He was later active in several occupations; a partial list includes farmer, blacksmith, bricklayer, mason, carriage maker, harness maker, teacher, store owner, and insurance broker. In addition, he was a vice president of the Ludlow Savings Bank & Trust Company, and was appointed to its board of directors. Coolidge also served on the Black River Academy board of trustees.
A Republican, Coolidge served in the Vermont House of Representatives from 1872 to 1878. He held local offices throughout his life, including town selectboard member, town meeting moderator, town agent, tax collector, road commissioner, school superintendent, justice of the peace, and notary public. For several years, he was Plymouth's assistant postmaster, with a long running joke in the town being that Coolidge held this position because he was the only person in Plymouth who knew how to complete the forms required when submitting the post office's annual report to the main office in Washington, DC. For nearly 40 years he was both a town constable and deputy sheriff of Windsor County.
First Inaugural of President Calvin Coolidge
Upon hearing of the death of President Warren G. Harding the previous day, Coolidge, who was a justice of the peace and a notary public, administered the presidential oath of office to his son at the Coolidge Homestead in Plymouth Notch, Vermont, at about 2:30 a.m. on August 3, 1923.
In 1868, Coolidge married Victoria Josephine Moor (b. 1846). They were the parents of two children, son Calvin, and daughter Abigail (1875-1890). Victoria Coolidge died in 1885, at the age of 39.
- Men of Vermont Illustrated.
- Fairfield Family
- Vermont Notary Public
- Coolidge Family Papers 1802-1932-Vermont Historical Society
- Vermont Legislative Documents and Official Reports.
- A Guide to the Coolidge Family Papers, 1802-1932.
- Calvin Coolidge - The Man from Vermont.
- Gazetteer and Business Directory of Windsor County, Vt., for 1883-84.
- "Calvin Coolidge's Unique Vermont Inauguration".
- Annual Report of the Bank Commissioner of the State of Vermont.
- Descendants of John and Mary Coolidge.
- 1917 Vermont Senate Journal.
- News and Notes.
- "Colonel Coolidge Dies", pp. 1-2.
- "Son's Rise to Presidency Placed Picturesque Colonel Before Public".
- "Coolidge to Work in the Hay Field to Secure "Rest"".
- American Leaders, 1789-1994: A Biographical Summary.
- Vermont State Officers Reports for 1901-1902.
- Death of Colonel John Coolidge, Time Magazine
- Journal of the Senate of the State of Vermont.
- Miller Center, American Presidents Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine
- "Vermont Death Records 1909-2008, Entry for John Calvin Coolidge".
- "Coolidge: Son Returns to Plymouth Notch".
- "Vermont Death Records 1909-2008, Entry for Carrie Brown Coolidge".
- American Leaders, 1789-1994: A Biographical Summary. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly. 1994. pp. 15, 28.
- Child, Hamilton (1881). Gazetteer and Business Directory of Windsor County, Vt., for 1883-84. 1. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse Journal. p. 426.
- Coolidge, Emma Downing (1930). Descendants of John and Mary Coolidge of Watertown, Massachusetts, 1630. Boston, MA: Wright & Potter Printing Company. p. 170.
- Orton, Vrest (1981). Calvin Coolidge's Unique Vermont Inauguration. Rutland, VT: Academy Books. p. 95.
- Fuess, Claude Moore (1939). Calvin Coolidge - The Man from Vermont. Andover, MA: Fuess Press. p. 6.
- News and Notes: A Monthly Newsletter Issued by the Vermont Historical Society. 16-20. Montpelier, VT: Vermont Historical Society. 1964. p. 71.
- Ullery, Jacob G. (1894). Men of Vermont Illustrated. Brattleboro, VT: Transcript Publishing Company. p. 80.
- Vermont Department of Banking and Insurance (1920). Annual Report of the Bank Commissioner of the State of Vermont. Rutland, VT: Tuttle Company. p. 149.
- Vermont General Assembly (1868). Vermont Legislative Documents and Official Reports. Montpelier, VT: Poland's Steam Printing Establishment. p. 34.
- Vermont Historical Society (1995). A Guide to the Coolidge Family Papers, 1802-1932 (PDF). Montpelier, VT: Vermont Historical Society. p. 6.
- Vermont State Officers Reports for 1901-1902. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon Company. 1902. p. 75.
- Vermont State Senate (1910). Journal of the Senate of the State of Vermont. Montpelier, VT: Capital City Press. pp. 5, 18.
- Vermont State Senate (1917). Journal of the Senate of the State of Vermont. Montpelier, VT: Vermont General Assembly. p. 808.
- "Vermont Death Records 1909-2008, Entry for Carrie Brown Coolidge". Ancestry.com. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
- "Vermont Death Records 1909-2008, Entry for John Calvin Coolidge". Ancestry.com. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
- "Coolidge to Work in the Hay Field to Secure "Rest"". New Bern Sun Journal. New Bern, NC. July 9, 1920. p. 3.
- "Son's Rise to Presidency Placed Picturesque Colonel Before Public". Asbury Park Evening Press. Asbury Park, NJ. Associated Press. March 19, 1926. p. 10.
- "Colonel Coolidge Dies". Cornell Daily Sun. Ithaca, NY. Associated Press. March 19, 1926.
- Case, Stacey (July 4, 1999). "Coolidge: Son Returns to Plymouth Notch". Burlington Free Press. Burlington, VT. p. 7A.