John D. Strong
John D. Strong
|Alma mater||University of Michigan|
|Awards||SPIE Gold Medal (1977)|
|Institutions||Caltech, Harvard, Johns Hopkins University|
|Doctoral students||Martin Summerfield|
John Donovan Strong (1905-1992) was an American physicist and astronomer. Strong, one of the world’s foremost optical scientists, was known for being the first to detect water vapor in the atmosphere of Venus and for developing a number of innovations in optical devices, ranging from improved telescope mirrors to anti-reflective coatings for optical elements and diffraction gratings.
Born in Lawrence, Kansas in 1905, Strong received degrees from the University of Kansas (BA 1926) and the University of Michigan (M.S., 1928, Ph.D., 1930). After twelve years at Caltech and wartime research at Harvard on infrared systems, Strong became professor and director of the Astrophysics and Physical Meteorology Laboratories at Johns Hopkins University in 1946, where, among many other projects, he conducted research on balloon astronomy for the Office of Naval Research (ONR).
Strong published hundreds of papers throughout his career and was author of Procedures in Experimental Physics, a standard physics textbook for many years. Strong served as president of the American Optical Association in 1959 and patented numerous inventions for optics in spectroscopy as well as golf (see US Patent no. 3720467). Strong died in 1992.
- Full article at UMass at Amherst webpage
- Articles Published by early OSA Presidents Journal of the Optical Society of America
- American Institute of Physics oral history of John Strong