John Du Cameron

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

John Du Cameron was a Scottish sergeant in the French army who came back to Scotland to support Charles Edward Stuart during the Jacobite rising of 1745. When the rebellion failed he took to the hills with a band of renegades and fought on until he was captured and hanged in 1753. Because of his large size he was better known by the name of Sergeant Mor.[1]

He was a brigand to those who opposed him and his victims in the counties in which he operated (Perth, Inverness and Argyle), but a folk hero to those who sympathised with the aims of the rebellion (as shown by the mention of Sergeant Mor in The Bonnie Banks o' Loch Lomond, a poem by Andrew Lang).[2][3][4][5]

Capture[edit]

Cameron having no fixed abode and facing the consequences of having served in the French army and also of having supported the Jacobite rising, formed a party of freebooters, and took up his residence in the mountains between the counties of Perth, Inverness and Argyll.[6] He carried on a system of spoilation by carrying off cattle that belonged to people he called his enemies, and also Blackmailing people.[6] He had for a long time slept in a barn on the farm of Duan in Rannoch, but he was betrayed and one night while he was asleep in the barn, in the year 1753, he was apprehended by a party of men led by Hector Munro, 8th laird of Novar.[6] Cameron was a powerful man and shook off all of the soldiers who had hold of him and attempted to escape.[6] However, he was overpowered by the remainder of the party who had stayed outside.[6] Cameron was carried to Perth where he was tried for murder as well as for various acts of theft and cattle stealing.[6] He was found guilty and executed at Perth in 1753.[6] It was generally believed locally that Cameron had been betrayed by the man whose barn he had been sleeping in.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'mor' is Scottish Gaelic for 'big' or 'large'. See http://glosbe.com/en/gd/big
  2. ^ Sergeant Mòr in some sources
  3. ^ The Bonnie Banks o' Loch Lomond, Representative poetry on line Archived 21 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine., Retrieved 9 February 2009
  4. ^ Loyalty of the Clans, Burke's Peerage and Gentry, article from Electric Scotland Retrieved 9 February 2009
  5. ^ David Stewart (3rd edition 1825). Sketches of The Character, Manners, and Present State of the Highlanders of Scotland; with details of The Military Service of The Highland Regiments Appendix H, John Dhu Cameron, or Sergeant Mor Page 66.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Browne, James and Fullarton, A. (1849) A History of the Highlands and of the Highland Clans. Volume I. pp. 142 - 143.