John F. Elliott

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John Frank Elliott (1920–1991) was an American professor of metallurgy who made significant contributions to the science of pyrometallurgy during his long career at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Elliott was born in July 1920 in St Paul, Minnesota and studied metallurgical engineering at the University of Minnesota where he graduated with distinction in 1942. After serving as a Lieutenant commander in the US Navy during World War II, he completed his Doctorate of Science at MIT in 1949.


Elliot joined the research laboratories of U.S. Steel before leaving for the Inland Steel Company where he was active in research relating to quality control.[2] This was a time of growth for the US steel industry and there was significant funding for research into improving the steelmaking process and tightening the chemistry of new steel grades being developed.[3] Elliott and his co-workers focused on developing understanding of the chemical thermodynamics the steelmaking process, an emphasis that he continued when returning to MIT in 1955 as an associate professor of metallurgy. He became a full professor in 1960 and over the next three decades published over 200 papers on steelmaking, high temperature chemistry, hot corrosion of materials and principles of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics. His two volume "Thermochemistry of Steelmaking" became a major source of basic data for the steel industry.[2][4] Elliot's work with Sigworth on the solution behaviour of minor element in iron established an effective and relatively simple technique for predicting the outcome of steelmaking reactions.[5][6][7] The Association for Iron and Steel Technology (AIST) have an annual lectureship award named after him that honors his contribution to the field.[8] MIT also has a Professorship of Materials Chemistry named after him, which in 2013 is filled by Donald Sadoway.


  1. ^ John F. Elliott: The American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers
  2. ^ a b Cohen, M., John Frank Elliott 1920-1991, Memorial tributes: National Academy of Engineering, Vol. 6, 1993 at
  3. ^ Strohmeyer, J, Crisis in Bethlehem, University of Pittsburgh Press, 1994 ISBN 0822958112
  4. ^ Elliott, J.F, Glieser, M., Thermochemistry of Steelmaking, Volume 1, Addison and Wesley, 1960
  5. ^ Sigworth, G.K., Elliott, J.F., The Thermodynamics of Dilute Iron Solutions, Materials Science, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1974, pp. 298-310
  6. ^ Turkdogan,E.T. Fundamentals of Steelmaking, Institute of Metals, 1996 ISBN 0901716804 pp. 91-94.
  7. ^ Deo, B. and Boom, R., Fundamentals of Steelmaking Metallurgy, Prentice Hall International, 1993 ISBN 0-13-345380-4, pp. 47-59
  8. ^ AIST John F. Elliott Lectureship, The Association for Iron & Steel Technology Archived 2012-11-09 at the Wayback Machine.