John Francis Gathorne-Hardy

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Sir John Gathorne-Hardy
Born 14 January 1874
Died 21 August 1949 (aged 75)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank General
Unit Second Boer War
Great War
Second World War
Commands held Northern Command
Aldershot Command
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order

General Sir John Francis Gathorne-Hardy GCB GCVO CMG DSO (14 January 1874 – 21 August 1949) was a British First World War General officer who served in Italy and the Western Front. His parents were John Stewart Gathorne-Hardy, 2nd Earl of Cranbrook and Cicely Marguerite Wilhelmina Ridgway.

Military career[edit]

Gathorne-Hardy was educated at Eton and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst.[1] He joined the British Army as a commissioned second lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards on 10 October 1894, and was promoted to lieutenant on 1 January 1898.[1] In early February 1900 he was seconded for special service in South Africa,[2] where he was involved with Army transport duties during the Second Boer War.[3] He was promoted to Captain on 2 May 1900, and later brevet major.[1] He served as a General Staff Officer in the First World War.[1] After commands as a General in Egypt and India, he was Commander in Chief at Northern Command from 1931 to 1933 and at Aldershot Command from 1933 to 1937.[1]


Gathorne-Hardy married Lady Isobel Constance Mary Stanley, daughter of Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby and Lady Constance Villiers, on 10 December 1898.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d e Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27165. p. 1077. 16 February 1900.
  3. ^ "The War - appointments" The Times (London). Thursday, 25 January 1900. (36048), p. 10.
  4. ^ The
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Cameron Shute
GOC-in-C Northern Command
Succeeded by
Sir Alexander Wardrop
Preceded by
Sir Charles Harington
GOC-in-C Aldershot Command
1933 – 1937
Succeeded by
Sir John Dill