John Hay, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale
|The Marquess of Tweeddale|
Portrait by Godfrey Kneller.
|Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland|
|Preceded by||The Duke of Hamilton|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Tullibardine|
|Lord Chancellor of Scotland|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Perth|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Marchmont|
|Born||13 August 1625
Yester, East Lothian, Scotland
|Died||11 August 1697 (aged 71)
John Hay, 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl of Tweeddale (c. 13 August 1625, Yester, East Lothian – 11 August 1697, Edinburgh) was Lord Chancellor of Scotland.
During the English Civil War he repeatedly switched allegiance between the Royalist cause and the Parliamentarians. He fought for Charles I and joined him at Nottingham in 1642, then for Parliament at the Battle of Marston Moor in 1644, on account of his attitude towards Covenanters, and four years later was again on the side of the Royalists at the Battle of Preston.
When Charles II was restored to the throne, he was appointed Lord President of the Scottish Council in 1663 and an Extraordinary Lord of Session in 1664. He was elected in the latter year a Fellow of the Royal Society.
He used his influence to moderate proceedings against the Covenanters, but with the hardening of the official attitude in 1674 he was dismissed from office and from the Privy Council on the advice of Lauderdale.
He supported the Glorious Revolution in Scotland, and was created Marquess of Tweeddale in 1694. As Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland from 1694 to 1696 he ordered the inquiry into the Glencoe massacre in 1695. He was dismissed from the Chancellorship in 1696 for supporting the Darien scheme.
Marriage and issue
Tweeddale married Jean Scott, daughter of Walter Scott, 1st Earl of Buccleuch and had issue:
- John Hay, 2nd Marquess of Tweeddale
- Francis Hay
- David Hay
- Charles Hay
- Alexander Hay
- Gilbert Hay
- William Hay
- Margaret Hay
- Jean Hay
- "Fellow details". Royal Society. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
- Dictionary of National Biography, Concise edition, Oxford University Press.
- Hutchinson's Encyclopedia of Britain
The Earl of Perth
|Lord Chancellor of Scotland
1692 – 1696
The Earl of Marchmont
|Parliament of Scotland|
The Duke of Hamilton
|Lord High Commissioner
The Earl of Tullibardine
|Peerage of Scotland|
|New creation||Marquess of Tweeddale
|Earl of Tweeddale