John Hynde

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Sir John Hynde (died October 1550) was an English judge, prominent in the reign of Henry VIII.


John Hynde and his brother Thomas were probably not from a family of Cambridgeshire origins, but having studied in the University of Cambridge became settled at Madingley in Cambridgeshire by 1518.[1] He was called to the bar at Gray's Inn, and was reader there in 1517, 1527, and 1531. In 1520 he was elected Recorder of Cambridge,[2] and in 1521-22 was Steward of the Rectory Manor of Cottenham.[3] The parsonage of Madingley was demised to him (as resident of Girton) on a 99-year lease by Barnwell Priory in c.1524-25.[4] His name appears frequently in the commission of the peace and commissions to collect subsidies for Cambridgeshire in the middle of the reign of Henry VIII. In 1526 and 1530 he was in the commission of gaol delivery for the town of Cambridge, and in 1529 in the commission to hear chancery causes, and was recommended by the Lord Chief Justice in 1530 as among the best counsel of the day.

By c.1530 John Hynde had married Ursula Curson,[5][6] (daughter of Sir John Curson of Beck Hall, in Billingford and Bylaugh, Norfolk,[7]) and in 1534 he oversaw the marriage settlement for his sister Margaret Hynde to George, a son of Sir William and Lady Jane Turville of Aston Flamville, Leicestershire.[8]

In 1532 he was in the commission of the peace for Huntingdonshire, and in 1534 in the commission of sewers for the same county. In 1531 he was appointed Serjeant-at-law, and on 2 January 1535 was promoted to be King's serjeant. In 1536 he prosecuted the rebels in the west,[9] and during the northern rebellion was one of those appointed to reside in Cambridgeshire, and to be responsible for order there. In December 1540 he received a commission from the Privy Council to inquire into charges of sedition alleged against Thomas Goodrich, Bishop of Ely for having participated in translating a work by Philip Melancthon.[10]

Madingley Hall, built by Sir John Hynde and his son Sir Francis Hynde

In 1539 he was granted (as a result of the dissolution of the monasteries) the property later known as Anglesey Abbey,[11] together with the whole of its estate at Bottisham which he had previously held on lease.[12] An act of parliament, 34–35 Hen. VIII (1542-43), c. 24, was passed to confirm to him and his heirs the 'Shire manor' of Burlewas or Burdeleys in Cambridgeshire and lands at Madingley, subject to an annual charge for the payment of the knights of the shire.[13] In addition to this property it appears, from grants in the Augmentation office, that he received portions of the church lands at Girton and Moor Barns in Madingley.[14] On 4 November 1545 he was knighted, was next day appointed a judge of the common pleas, and became a member of the Council of the North in 1545.

Sir John died in October 1550,[15] and was accorded an heraldic funeral at St. Dunstan's, Fleet Street, London, on 18 October, the ceremonial being repeated at the Month's mind at Madingley under the direction of Lady Ursula.[16] A description of his armorials at St. Dunstan's survives.[17]


The children of Sir John and Lady Ursula née Curson are shown[18] as follows:

  • (Sir) Francis Hynde (c.1531-1596), M.P., of Madingley. He studied at St. John's College, Cambridge and married Jane, daughter of Sir Ralph Verney of Pendley.
  • Thomas Hynde. He studied at St John's College, Cambridge and was admitted to Gray's Inn in 1552.[19] He married Miss Pagenham of Tooting, Surrey.
  • Catherin, married (?Geoffrey) Colvile of Marsh Newton, Isle of Ely, Cambridgeshire.[20]
  • Sybil, married (1) Sir John Cutts of Childerley, Cambridgeshire, who died 1555,[21] and (2) John Hutton, M.P. for Cambridgeshire.
  • Mary, married Clement Chicheley of Wimpole, Cambridgeshire.[22]
  • Anne, married (1) John Paris of Linton, Cambridgeshire, and (2) Roland Masters.


  1. ^ S.R. Johnson, 'Hynde, John (c.1480-1550), of Madingley, Cambs.', in S.T. Bindoff (ed.), The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558 (Boydell & Brewer, 1982) Read here. See T.N.A. Catalogue, C 1/418/6 and C 1/418/41.
  2. ^ "Hynde, John (HND519J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ Cambridgeshire Archives, (description) P50/3/3.
  4. ^ T.N.A. Catalogue, LR 14/785.
  5. ^ The suggestion that Hynde first married Eleanor daughter of Sir John Heydon of Baconsthorpe, Norfolk (see S.R. Johnson, 'Hynde, John (c.1480-1550)', History of Parliament) is difficult to reconcile with the fact that she was married to John Townshend (d. 1543/44), son and heir of Sir Roger Townshend of Raynham, Norfolk (see W. Rye (ed.), The Visitacion of Norffolk, etc Harleian Society Vol. XXXII (London 1891), pp. 290-92, from Harleian MS 1552. Not Eleanor but Elizabeth Heydon is named by J.H. Baker, 'Hynde, Sir John (c.1480–1550), judge', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Elizabeth Heydon married Thomas Darcy of Tolleshunt, Essex.
  6. ^ The Visitacion of Norffolk, etc, pp.90-91, from Harleian MS 1552.
  7. ^ A descendant of the family of Sir John Curson M.P. (d. c.1415), for whom see History of Parliament. Ursula's brother William Curson married Thomazine Townshend, daughter of Robert Townshend (judge) and granddaughter of Sir Roger Townshend mentioned above.
  8. ^ T.N.A. Catalogue, Leicestershire and Rutland Record Office, it. 10D72/76; Will of Sir William Turville (P.C.C. 1549). See J. Nichols, (Turvile pedigree), The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester Vol. II Part 2 (Gartre Hundred), (Author, London 1798), p. 465.
  9. ^ J. Gairdner (ed.), 'Henry VIII: August 1536, 21-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11, July-December 1536 (London, 1888), pp. 138-157: at p. 151 item 381, Gostwick's disbursements. (British History Online, accessed 8 May 2016).
  10. ^ E. Foss, The Judges of England, with sketches of their Lives, 8 Vols, Vol. V (Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans & Roberts, London 1857), pp. 303-05.
  11. ^ Parks and Gardens UK: Anglesey Abbey, Lode, England
  12. ^ 'Bottisham: Manors and other estates', in A.F. Wareham and A.P.M. Wright, A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 10, Cheveley, Flendish, Staine and Staploe Hundreds (North-Eastern Cambridgeshire) (London, 2002), pp. 196-205. pp. 196-205. (British History Online, accessed 8 May 2016)
  13. ^ Foss, Lives of the Judges, Vol. V, p. 304.
  14. ^ 'Madingley: Manors and other estates', in A.P.M. Wright and C.P. Lewis (eds), A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 9, Chesterton, Northstowe, and Papworth Hundreds, (London, 1989), pp. 166-171.
  15. ^ Inquisition post mortem 1550 (The National Archives).
  16. ^ J.G. Nichols (ed), The Diary of Henry Machyn Camden Society Old Series XLII (1848), p. 2 and note p. 314.
  17. ^ Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, Vol. 4 (J.B. Nichols & Son, London 1837), p. 100.
  18. ^ J.W. Clay (Ed.), The Visitation of Cambridge made in Anno 1575, Continued and Enlarged with the Visitation made in the same County by Henery St George, in Anno 1619, Harleian Society Volume XLI (for year 1897)(London 1897), p. 113.
  19. ^ Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses I Part 2, p. 377.
  20. ^ For the Colviles of Marsh Newton, see T.D. Atkinson, E.M. Hampson, E.T. Long, C.A.F. Meekings, E. Miller, H.B. Wells and G.M.G. Woodgate, 'Wisbech Hundred: Newton', in A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 4, City of Ely; Ely, N. and S. Witchford and Wisbech Hundreds, ed. R.B. Pugh (London, 2002), pp. 201-06. (British History Online, accessed 18 March 2016). See also C. Colvile, C.R. Colvile, Z.I. Colvile, History of the Colvile Family (Morrison and Gibb, Edinburgh 1896). Read here. John Collvyll brought action to set aside a lease made to Thomas Hind and thereby to overturn the terms of his father's will (of 1571), T.N.A. Catalogue C 2/Eliz/C11/48. 'Jeffrey Colvyle' was executor in the will of Sir John Cutts (1554), who married Sybil Hynde.
  21. ^ Will proved 18 November 1555, see H.W. King, 'The descent of the Manor of Horham, and of the family of Cutts', Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society IV (Colchester 1869), pp. 25-43, at pp. 35-36. Both Francis Hynde and Geoffrey Colvile were executors in his will.
  22. ^ Visitation of Cambridge, p. 33. 'History of Wimpole in the County of Cambridge', The Topographer XVII (August 1790), Vol. III no. II, pp. 69-75, at p. 70. D.K. Bolton, G.R. Duncombe, R.W. Dunning, J.I. Kermode, A.M. Rowland, W.B. Stephens and A.P.M. Wright, 'Parishes: Wimpole', in A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 5, ed. C R Elrington (London, 1973), pp. 263-72. (British History Online, accessed 8 May 2016)