John Jewell Penstone
|John Jewell Penstone|
John Jewell Penstone (1817–1902) was a portrait and genre artist who worked with paint, but is known mainly for his engravings, and has been associated with the Pre-Raphaelite movement. The National Portrait Gallery in London holds two of his stipple engravings, along with a lithograph (printed by Nosworthy & Wells).
Penstone was born in Clerkenwell, London, to John Penstone (1792–1840) and Ann, a daughter of Joseph Jewell. Both of his parents were Quakers, but he joined the Plymouth Brethren when he was about 19 years old. He was involved in some of the religious controversies which caused splits in the Brethren movement during his lifetime, and by the death of his second wife he was disappointed with the way some members had behaved.
In 1850 Penstone moved from Chelsea in London to Stanford in the Vale where his father and both grandfathers had been born. He was described as a "Bible scholar and Christian poet" in Chief Men among the Brethren but seems to have had an interest in secular subjects as well because in the late 1850s he was an active contributor to Notes and Queries on literary, artistic and historical subjects. Penstone was friends with John Dunkin (1812–1879). He contributed "A visit to the village church of Stanford in the vale, whilst undergoing restoration" to Dunkin's Monumenta Anglicana, and provided Dunkin with information about the opening of King John’s tomb in Worcester Cathedral in 1797. Although he enjoyed working in this area he was never more than an interested amateur, as he earned his living as an artist.
Penstone exhibited works at the Royal Academy as early as 1838 and as late as 1895. His works exhibited at the Academy (as an honorary exhibitor) were:
- 1838. (1048) The Saxon Bride.
- 1846. (599) A portrait.
- 1848. (982) Holy thoughts.
- 1895. (1397) The Man of Sorrows.
Other notable graphic works include:
- Enamoured Days, in Fisher’s Drawing Room Scrap Book (1848)—based on a work by his contemporary Edward Henry Corbould (1815–1905).
- Johann Gerhard Oncken, lithograph, (mid 19th century).
- Rosina Anne Doyle Bulwer Lytton (née Wheeler), Lady Lytton, stipple engraving, (1852).
- Caroline Elizabeth Vivian (née Cholmeley), stipple engraving, (before 1853).
- Love is strong as death, painting (1894)—a title taken from Song of Solomon 8: 6.
- Swarthmoor Hal, watercolor—in Newport Museum and Art Gallery.
In 1874 Penstone wrote a pamphlet called Village teachings concerning the Lord Jesus. He also wrote some poetry inclining Servant of Christ, and a book of poems and illustrations titled Songs of Salvation and Records of Christian Life (1876).
Penstone married his first wife Matilda Harman Gould (1813–1878) in 1845. They had at least five children (three girls and two boys). Their son William would become an architect who supervised the building of Stanford in the Vale Primary School, and son Edward (1849–1916) would follow in his father's footsteps and become a notable artist.
Three years after the death of his first wife, Penstone married Elizabeth Messer Wright (1815–1892) from Bristol, a cousin of George Müller’s son-in-law and successor James Wright.
- NPG staff 2011a.
- Stunt 2008, pp. 2, 3, 9.
- Stunt 2008, pp. 9, 10.
- Stunt 2008, p. 4 cites J.J. Penstone, "Was Addison a plagiarist?", Notes and Queries series 2. ii.29 (July 1856), p. 49; "Pictures of Raffaelle in England, and in what collections?", Notes and Queries series 2. ii.33 (Aug 1856), p. 130; "Forged Assignats", Notes and Queries series 2. vi. 137 (Aug 1858), pp. 134–5). Stunt also notes, "There are many other contributions to NQ, in later years, that are signed 'JJP' and which show a familiarity with jurisprudence but we cannot be sure that they are the work of [John Jewell Penstone]."
- Stunt 2008, pp. 4, 5 cites Dunkin 1851.
- Graves 1906, p. 104.
- Stunt 2008, p. 8.
- Stunt 2008, p. 6.
- "Swarthmoor Hall, in Cumbria, [was] the home of Margaret Fell whom George Fox, the founder of the Quakers married in 1669" (Stunt 2008, p. 9).
- "Village teachings concerning the Lord Jesus (London, [Morrish] 1874). "This is one of the only two pamphlets by Penstone to be found in the British Library" (Stunt 2008, p. 10).
- Stunt 2008, pp. 13–15 cites "Poems of Dawn". www.agsconsulting.com. p. 148.
- Stunt 2008, pp. 10–12.
- Stunt 2008, p. 3.
- NPG staff 2011.
- Dunkin, A.J., ed. (1851), A Report of the Proceedings of the British Archaeological Association at the Fifth General Meeting holden in "The Faithful City" of Worcester in the Month of August 1848, London
- Graves, A. (1906), The Royal Academy of Arts: A Complete Dictionary of contributors and their work from its foundation in 1769 to 1904, (8 volumes), 6, London: Graves & Bell, p. 104
- NPG staff (2011), Edward Penstone (active 1871–1906), National Portrait Gallery, retrieved December 2011 Check date values in:
- NPG staff (2011a), John Jewell Penstone (active 1835–1895), Portrait and genre painter; Engraver, National Portrait Gallery, retrieved December 2011 Check date values in:
- Stunt, Timothy C. F. (2008), "John Jewell Penstone (1817–1902), his family and the Brethren", Brethren Historical Review, Brethren Archivists and Historians Network, 5: 25–39