John Linnell (cabinet maker)

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This article is about the 18th century cabinet maker. For other people named John Linnell, see John Linnell (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with John Linnell (painter).

John Linnell (1729–96), was an 18th-century cabinet-maker and designer.[1]

Biography[edit]

Linnell was in charge of one of London's largest cabinet-makers firms of the 18th century with many important and prominent patrons. The Linnell firm was created in 1730 by William Linnell (c.1703–63), and was inherited by his son John Linnell in 1763. The firm moved from 8 Long Acre in St. Martin's Lane, London to 28 Berkeley Square in 1750.[2] From 1763 to his death John Linnell continued to develop the business his father had established and his reputation grew. However, due to his unconventional lifestyle, he left no heir to his trade and the fate of the firm after his death is uncertain.

There is speculation that in the last years of his life John Linnell entered a partnership with his relative Thomas Tatham (1763–1817). However the evidence is not conclusive. Thomas Tatham went on to be a partner at one of London's fashionable cabinetmaking and upholstery business owith George Elward, Edward Bailey and Richard Saunders. They were principal cabinet-makers to George IV and this firm worked at Carlton House and Buckingham Palace.[3]

Thomas Tatham and his brother Charles Heathcote Tatham were trained in drawing and design by John Linnell. Linnell introduced C. H. Tatham to Henry Holland who later funded his educational trip to Rome. In 1796 when C. H. Tatham learned of Linnell's death, he was in Rome and wrote to Henry Holland, who had his home in Sloane Ave, Knightsbridge - that he was deeply upset by John Linnell's death. Upon his return to London he compiled a selection of 355 of John Linnell's drawings and designs, which his brother Thomas Tatham had inherited. These drawings now survive at the V&A.[4]

Patrons[edit]

One of John Linnell's first jobs as a designer in father's firm was for a suite of furniture for Charles Somerset, 4th Duke of Beaufort' Chinese Bedroom at Badminton House.[5]

John Linnell was also commissioned by Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Baron Scarsdale at Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire.[6] Linnell delivered furniture from c.1760

Another important patron was the banker Robert Child. Osterley Park House, Middlesex remains very much as it did in the eighteenth century when John Linnell supplied furniture for the Childs. Robert Adam was the architect there.

Hugh Percy, 1st Duke of Northumberland and his wife Elizabeth Percy, Duchess of Northumberland were also among Linnell's patrons, and several armchairs attributed to Linnell can be seen at Alnwick Castle, one of their residences in the eighteenth century.

Design for the State Coach of George III[edit]

John Linnell submitted designs for the State Coach of George III. Several designs were submitted for this important commission. It is thought that the architect Robert Adam also submitted designs. It was the King's architect William Chambers, who produced the final design.[7]

Drury Lane Theatre[edit]

John Linnell was also involved in the design of the Drury Lane theatre. He produced the designs for the boxes - these survive at the V&A.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The main reference is H. Hayward and P. Kirkham (1980). There are also many articles in the Furniture History Society Journal, especially 1967 and 1969.
  2. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42106
  3. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42156#n13
  4. ^ Museum numbers E.59-1929 to E.414-1929
  5. ^ Badminton Chinese Bedroom
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-09-23. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 
  7. ^ http://www.royalcollection.org.uk/eGallery/object.asp?searchText=state+coach&x=0&y=0&object=917942&row=0&detail=about
  • Hayward, H.; Kirkham, P. (1980). William and John Linnell; Eighteenth Century London Furniture Makers (2 volumes). New York: Rizolli Publications in association with Christie's. 

External links[edit]