John Marshall (priest)
John Martiall (Marshall) (born in Worcestershire, 1534, died at Lille, 3 April 1597) was an English Roman Catholic priest. He was one of the six companions associated with William Allen in the foundation of the English College at Douai, in 1568.
He received his education at Winchester College (1545–49) and New College, Oxford (1549–56), at which latter place, after a residence of seven years, he graduated as bachelor of civil law in 1556. He next accepted a post as assistant master at his old school at Winchester under Thomas Hyde; but soon after the accession of Elizabeth I of England, both of them found it necessary to quit the country.
Marshall retired to Leuven, where a number of English Catholic exiles were residing. Thence he removed to Douai, when he joined the new university recently founded there, and graduated B.D. in 1567. Thus it came about that when Allen arrived to found his new college, Marshall was already in residence, and attached himself to the new foundation. He did not, however, remain long, chiefly because of the smallness of the allowance which it was possible to give; later on, he obtained a canonry in the church of St. Peter at the neighbouring city of Lille. Owing to the disturbed state of the country, he was not installed until 1579. He lived to enjoy his dignity for eighteen years.
It was during his time at Leuven that Marshall brought out the two major works for which he is known. The first of these, Treatise of the Cross (Antwerp, 1564), was a defence of the honour paid by Catholics to the Cross, and he dedicated it to Queen Elizabeth, being "emboldened upon her keeping the image of a crucifix in her chapel". He was attacked by James Calfhill, the Calvinist, and brought forth his Reply (Louvain, 1566). He also wrote a treatise on the Tonsure of Clerks, left in manuscript.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cooper, Thompson (1893). "Martiall, John". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "John Martiall". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. The entry cites:
- Thompson Cooper in Dictionary of National Biography, s. v.
- Joseph Gillow, Bibl. Dict. Eng. Cath., s. v.
- T. F. Knox, Historical Introduction to Douay Diaries
- Anthony à Wood, Athenæ Oxon., ed. Bliss, I, 658
- Charles Dodd, Church Hist., II, 113
- John Pitts, De illust. Ang. script.
- A. Haudecoeur, Histoire du Collège Anglais à Douai (Reims, 1898)
- Bede Camm, Life of Allen (London, 1908)