John Olney (1932–April 14, 2015) was a medical doctor and a professor of psychiatry, pathology, and immunology at the Washington University School of Medicine. He is known for his work on brain damage. He coined the term excitotoxicity in his 1969 paper published in Science. Olney's lesions are named after him. In 1996 he was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the United States National Academy of Sciences. He had campaigned for greater regulation of monosodium glutamate (MSG), aspartame and other excitotoxins for over twenty years. He died at his residence on April 14, 2015 at the age of 83.
- Evers, M.; Hollander, E. (2008). "Excitotoxicity in Autism". Autism. pp. 133–145. doi:10.1007/978-1-60327-489-0_6. ISBN 978-1-60327-488-3.
- Olney JW (May 1969). "Brain lesions, obesity, and other disturbances in mice treated with monosodium glutamate". Science 164 (3880): 719–721. doi:10.1126/science.164.3880.719. PMID 5778021.
- Alumni interview. University of Iowa.
- "U.S. GAO - HRD-87-46 Food and Drug Administration: Food Additive Approval Process Followed for Aspartame, June 18, 1987". Retrieved 2008-09-05.
- Barinaga M (January 1990). "Amino acids: how much excitement is too much?". Science 247 (4938): 20–22. doi:10.1126/science.2294587. PMID 2294587.
- University of Iowa Medical School: Alumni Interview: John Olney, M.D.
- Washington University, Department of Psychiatry: John W. Olney, M.D.