John Olney

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

John Olney (1932 – April 14, 2015) was a medical doctor and a professor of psychiatry, pathology, and immunology at the Washington University School of Medicine. He is known for his work on brain damage. He coined the term excitotoxicity[1] in his 1969 paper published in Science.[2] Olney's lesions are named after him. In 1996 he was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the United States National Academy of Sciences.[3] He had campaigned for greater regulation of monosodium glutamate (MSG), aspartame[4] and other excitotoxins for over twenty years.[5] He died at his residence on April 14, 2015 at the age of 83.


  1. ^ Evers, M.; Hollander, E. (2008). "Excitotoxicity in Autism". Autism. pp. 133–145. doi:10.1007/978-1-60327-489-0_6. ISBN 978-1-60327-488-3.
  2. ^ Olney JW (May 1969). "Brain lesions, obesity, and other disturbances in mice treated with monosodium glutamate". Science. 164 (3880): 719–721. doi:10.1126/science.164.3880.719. PMID 5778021.
  3. ^ Alumni interview Archived 2009-01-05 at the Wayback Machine. University of Iowa.
  4. ^ "U.S. GAO - HRD-87-46 Food and Drug Administration: Food Additive Approval Process Followed for Aspartame, June 18, 1987". Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  5. ^ Barinaga M (January 1990). "Amino acids: how much excitement is too much?". Science. 247 (4938): 20–22. doi:10.1126/science.2294587. PMID 2294587.

External links[edit]