John Park Finley

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For other people named John Finley, see John Finley (disambiguation).
John Park Finley
John Park Finley in 1913.jpg
Finley in 1913
Born April 11, 1854
Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Died November 24, 1943(1943-11-24) (aged 89)
Battle Creek, Michigan, USA
Known for Tornado research

John Park Finley (April 11, 1854 – November 24, 1943) was an American meteorologist and Army Signal Service officer who was the first person to study tornadoes intensively. He also wrote the first known book on the subject as well as many other manuals and booklets, collected vast climatological data, set up a nationwide weather observer network, started one of the first private weather enterprises, and opened an early aviation weather school.[1][2][3][4]


He was born on April 11, 1854 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He died on November 24, 1943 in Battle Creek, Michigan.

Selected works[edit]

The University of Oklahoma holds a large collection of Finley's publications. Here are some selected works, which may or may not be contained in said collection:

  • Finley, J. P. (1881). The tornadoes of May 29 and 30, 1879, In Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, and Iowa. Prof. Paper No. 4, U.S. Signal Service.
  • Finley, JP, WB Hazen (1884). Charts of Relative Storm Frequency for a Portion of the Northern Hemisphere. U.S. Army Signal Office.
  • --- (1884). Report of the character of six hundred tornadoes. Prof. Paper No. 7, U.S. Signal Service, 116 pp.
  • --- (1887). Tornadoes: What They Are and How to Observe Them. Insurance Monitor Press, New York, 196 pp.
  • --- (1889). State Tornado Charts. Amer. Meteor. J., 5.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Galway, Joseph G.; Tim Marshall (2000). "A Tribute to John Park Finley". Storm Track. 23 (6): 2–10. 
  2. ^ Galway, Joseph G. (Dec 1985). "J.P. Finely: The First Severe Storms Forecaster". B. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 66 (12): 1506–10. Bibcode:1985BAMS...66.1506G. doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1985)066<1506:JFTFSS>2.0.CO;2. 
  3. ^ Bradford, Marlene (Aug 1999). "Historical Roots of Modern Tornado Forecasts and Warnings". Weather Forecast. 14 (4): 484–91. Bibcode:1999WtFor..14..484B. doi:10.1175/1520-0434(1999)014<0484:HROMTF>2.0.CO;2. 
  4. ^ Grazulis, Thomas P. (Jul 1993). Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991: A Chronology and Analysis of Events. St. Johnsbury, VT: The Tornado Project of Environmental Films. pp. 195–6. ISBN 1-879362-03-1. 

Further reading[edit]

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