John Reed Hodge
|Born||June 12, 1893|
|Died||November 12, 1963 (aged 70)|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1917–1953|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
|Awards||Army DSM (3)|
Legion of Merit
General John Reed Hodge (June 12, 1893 – November 12, 1963) was a highly decorated senior officer of the United States Army. His final assignment before retiring was as Chief of Army Field Forces from 1952 to 1953.
Early life and career
Born in Golconda, Illinois, Hodge attended Southern Illinois Teachers College and the University of Illinois. After completing an officer indoctrination program at the U.S. Army Officer Candidate School at Fort Sheridan, he received a direct commission in the Army as an infantry second lieutenant in 1917. He served in World War I in France and Luxembourg.
Between the wars
Remaining in the Army following the end of the war, he taught military science at Mississippi State University from 1921 to 1925 and graduated from the Infantry School in 1926. After a posting to Hawaii, he graduated from the Command and General Staff School, from where he graduated in 1934, the Army War College, and the Air Corps Tactical School.
World War II
At the beginning of World War II, Hodge served as chief of staff of the VII Corps under the command of Major General Robert C. Richardson Jr., located in California as a part of the Western Defense Command. He was promoted to the temporary rank of brigadier general in June 1942 and transferred to the 25th Infantry Division in Hawaii, where he was appointed assistant division commander and deputy of Major General J. Lawton Collins.
The 25th Division was sent overseas to Guadalcanal in November 1942. Hodge stayed with 25th Division until April 1943, when he was promoted to the rank of major general and transferred to the temporary command of the 43rd Infantry Division, where he relieved Major General John H. Hester, who was exhausted from combat. Hodge commanded the 43rd Division during the combats in Northern Solomons and was decorated with the Army Distinguished Service Medal for his service.
After three months of service with the 43rd Division, Hodge was given command of the "Americal" Infantry Division on the Fiji Islands. He subsequently commanded the division during the Bougainville campaign.
Hodge was appointed commanding officer of the newly activated XXIV Corps in Hawaii and participated in the Battle of Leyte within Philippines Campaign and later in Battle of Okinawa. He received the Army Distinguished Service Medals for each of these campaigns. Hodge was promoted to the temporary rank of lieutenant general in June 1945.
From 1945 to 1948, Hodge was the commanding general of United States Army Forces in Korea (USAFIK). He took his corps to Korea under orders of Douglas MacArthur, landing at Incheon on 9 September 1945. He was the commanding officer receiving the surrender of all Japanese forces in Korea south of the 38th parallel.
Hodge then returned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, to command V US Corps from 1948 to 1950. After the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950, he was named the commanding general of the US Third Army, based in the United States of America, and not in Korea.
|US Army Air Forces Aircraft Observer Badge|
|1st Row||Army Distinguished Service Medal
with two Oak Leaf Clusters
|Navy Distinguished Service Medal|
|2nd Row||Legion of Merit||Air Medal||Purple Heart||World War I Victory Medal |
with three battle clasps
|3rd Row||Army of Occupation of Germany Medal||American Defense Service Medal||American Campaign Medal||Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal |
with four service stars
and Arrowhead device
|4th Row||World War II Victory Medal||Army of Occupation Medal||National Defense Service Medal||Philippine Liberation Medal |
with two stars
Dates of rank
|Second lieutenant||Officers Reserve Corps||August 15, 1917|
|Second lieutenant||Regular Army||October 26, 1917|
|First lieutenant||Regular Army||May 15, 1917|
|Captain||National Army||October 12, 1918|
|Captain||Regular Army||July 1, 1920|
|Major||Regular Army||August 1, 1935|
|Lieutenant colonel||Regular Army||August 18, 1940|
|Colonel||Army of the United States||December 17, 1941|
|Brigadier general||Army of the United States||June 23, 1942|
|Major general||Army of the United States||April 28, 1943|
|Lieutenant general||Army of the United States||June 6, 1945|
|Brigadier general||Regular Army||March 1, 1946|
|Major general||Regular Army||April 6, 1947|
|General||Army of the United States||July 5, 1952|
|General||Regular Army, Retired||June 30, 1953|
- History of South Korea
- Military history of the United States
- Jang Il-soon, who opposed Hodge's appointment to lead the United States Army Military Government in Korea
- Taaffe, Stephen R. (2013). Marshall and His Generals: U.S. Army Commanders in World War II. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-1942-9. OCLC 840162019.