John Skinner Prout
John Skinner Prout (1805–1876) was a British painter, writer, lithographer and art teacher.
John Skinner Prout was born on 19 December 1805 in Plymouth, Devon, England. He is the eldest child of John Prout and Maria Skinner. His father was the elder brother of watercolourist Samuel Prout. Skinner Prout married Maria Heathilla on 19 June 1828. They had eight children; four daughters (Matilda born in 1828, Anna Maria born in 1831, Rosa Heathilla born in 1833 and Agnes born in 1838) and four sons (Frederick born in 1834, Victor Albert born in 1835, Edwin born in 1837 and Edgar born in 1839).
On 3 December 1838 in London Prout was elected a member of the New Society of Painters in water colours.
Prout emigrated to Sydney in 1840, accompanied by his wife and their eight children, hoping to pursue a career in Australia as a professional artist and printer. Amongst the possessions that he brought with him to the colony of New South Wales was a lithographic press, which enabled him to set up the 'J. S. Prout and Co. Australian Lithographic Establishment.'
In the first four years of his residence in Sydney, between 1840 and 1844, Prout undertook a number of sketching tours in the districts around Sydney. Prout followed the route of many artists of the period, journeying west across the Blue Mountains towards Bathurst, south to Broulee and the Illawarra district, and north to Newcastle and Port Stephens. Returning from these travels, Prout would work up his sketches into finished works in lithographs, watercolour and oil paint for sale.
Whilst Prout was a resident in Sydney he held a number of exhibitions of his work. He also presented lectures on the technique of drawing and painting in watercolour, sold numerous works, and produced a series of lithographic views of the colony, a number of which were published in Sydney illustrated.
Due to the lacklustre market for his works, competition by more established artists such as Conrad Martens, and the depressed economic circumstances of Sydney during the 1840s, Prout and his family moved once more, this time to the colony of Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) in February 1844. Here Prout was more successful, drawing the patronage of the Governor Sir John Franklin and his wife. Prout returned to England in June 1848. Upon his return, at the Western Literary and Scientific Institution, Leicester Square, he exhibited his work on life in the Australian colonies, and lectured on convicts, bushrangers and Aboriginals. In the 1850s he produced illustrated handbooks detailing his travels in Australia. Among them An illustrated handbook of the voyage to Australia and a visit to the gold fields, 1852 and A Magical Trip to the Gold Regions, 1853. These publications have raised the question as the whether Prout returned to Australia, as he claimed the sketches for the illustrated volumes were made on site in 1852.
His gandson was the illustrator Harold Copping who married in 1888 his cousin Violet Amy Prout (1865-1894) daughter of son Victor Albert.
John Skinner Prout, The Derwent Crags, Hobarton, Decr.9, '46, 1846; watercolour; 24.4 x 33.4 cm. National Library of Australia
John Skinner Prout, Fairlight Glen on the Warragambra (i.e. Warragamba), c.1843, watercolour; 27 x 37.5 cm. National Library of Australia
Tank Stream, Sydney, 1842, John Skinner Prout 18 x 26 cm. watercolour (sepia wash) State Library of New South Wales
- John Skinner Prout, Sydney illustrated (Sydney: J.S. Prout, 1843).
- John Skinner Prout, Journal of a voyage from Plymouth to Sydney, in Australia: on board the emigrant ship Royal Sovereign, with a short description of Sydney (London: Smith, Elder, 1844).
- John Skinner Prout, Prout's dioramic views of Australia, illustrative of convict and emigrant life: exhibited in the theatre of the Western Literary and Scientific Institution (London: Printed by M. Snell, 1850?).
- Brown, T., Kolenberg, H., & Tasmanian Museum Art Gallery. (1986). Skinner Prout in Australia, 1840–48, Hobart: Tasmanian Museum Art Gallery. reference online
- John Skinner Prout, An illustrated handbook of the voyage to Australia and a visit to the gold fields (London?: s.n., 1852?).
- The Dictionary of Australian Artists.Painters,Sketchers,Photographers and Engravers to 1870 (Kerr,Joan)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Skinner Prout.|
- Prout's works in the National Library of Australia, Canberra
- Michael Organ, John Skinner Prout at Broulee (1841) and Illawarra (1843-4), New South Wales, Australia
- Sketches in New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and Norfolk Island, ca. 1841-1847, by John Skinner Prout, Dixon Collections at the State Library of New South Wales