John Sleeper Clarke
|John Sleeper Clarke|
September 3, 1833|
|Died||September 24, 1899
He was born in Baltimore, Maryland, and was educated for the law. In his boyhood he was a schoolmate of Edwin Booth who was born in the same year as he, and with whom he engaged in amateur dramatic readings as members of the Baltimore Thespian Club.
He made his first appearance in Boston as Frank Hardy in Paul Pry in 1851, at the Howard Athenæum. The next year he went to Philadelphia. Clarke's first appearance in New York was made at the Metropolitan Theatre, - afterward called the Winter Garden, - on May 15, 1855, as Dickory, in "The Spectre Bridegroom", but it was not until he became again, in 1861-'62, to the same theatre that he made a conspicuous mark. In 1859 he became part of the Booth family when he married Asia Booth, daughter of Junius Brutus Booth, and sister of John Wilkes Booth. Clarke was associated with his brother-in-law Edwin Booth in the management of the Winter Garden theatre in New York, the Walnut Street theatre in Philadelphia and the Boston theatre.
Following the 1865 assassination of US president Abraham Lincoln by Clarke's brother-in-law, John Wilkes Booth, Clarke came into the possession of two letters, from his wife, written by the assassin. He turned them over to the Philadelphia Inquirer who printed one of the two letters. His actions led to his arrest and imprisonment in the Capitol Prison in Washington D.C. for a month. Once released, he notified his pregnant wife that they must divorce. He wanted to distance himself professionally from the name of Booth.  But she refused to divorce him. She bore him twin boys, Creston and Wilfred, who both became actors, in August 1865. However, they were married in name only. "..He lives a free going bachelor life and does what he likes.." wrote Asia to her brother Edwin. She died 16 May 1888, at the age of 52.
In 1867 Clarke moved his family to London, where he made his first appearance at the St. James's as Major Wellington de Boots in Stirling Coyne's Everybody's Friend, rewritten for him and called The Widow's Hunt. At the Princess's in February 1868, he was Salem Scudder in a revival of The Octoroon, and later, at the Strand, was the first Young Gosling in Fox versus Goose. On 26 July 1869, he was the first Babington Jones in John Brougham's Among the Breakers. At the same house he also played Toodles, Dr. Pangloss in The Heir at Law, and other parts. His success was so great that he remained in England for the rest of his life, except for four visits to America. He died suddenly, in London, in his sixty-seventh year.
Among his favourite parts were Timothy Toodle in William E. Burton's The Toodles, which ran for 200 nights at the Strand Theatre, and two roles from plays by George Colman "the Younger": Dr. Pangloss in The Heir at Law, and Dr. Ollapod in The Poor Gentleman. At the beginning of his career Clarke wished to play tragedy, but he later turned to comic roles. He managed several London theatres, including the Haymarket, where he preceded the Bancrofts. He retired in 1889.
On September 28, 1899, his remains were interred at Teddington Cemetery, Shacklegate Lane, Teddington, TW11 8SF. Among the mourners were Mr. and Mrs. Clement Scott, Charles Hawtrey, the staff of the Strand Theater, and Mr. Clarke's two sons. Many beautiful wreaths were placed upon the coffin.
- Bell, in Matthews and Hutton, Actors and Actresses of Great Britain and the United States, volume ii (New York, 1886)
- Clapp and Edgett, Players of the Present (New York, 1899)
- William Winter (1913). "JOHN SLEEPER CLARKE". The Wallet of Time. Volume One. New York: Moffat, Yard and Company. pp. 278–282.
- "CLARKE, John Sleeper". New International Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. 1914. p. 406.
- Knight 1901.
- The Spectre Bridegroom is a short story from Washington Irving's Sketch Book and has been adapted several times for the stage.
- Swanson 2006.
- TQ1571: Shacklegate Lane cemetery, Teddington from geograph.org.uk
- "John Sleeper Clarke Buried". The New York Times. September 29, 1899.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Knight, John Joseph (1901). "Clarke, John Sleeper". In Sidney Lee. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Swanson, James L., Manhunt-The Twelve Day Chase for Lincoln's Killer; Harper Collins, 2006; ISBN 0-06-051849-9
- Winter, The Wallet of Time (New York, 1913)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Clarke, John Sleeper". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.