John Treadwell Nichols
- Not to be confused with John Nichols (writer), the author of The Milagro Beanfield War, who is sometimes credited as John Treadwell Nichols.
Life and career
Nichols was born in Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Mary Blake (Slocum) and John White Treadwell Nichols. In 1906 he studied vertebrate zoology at Harvard College, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts (AB). In 1907 he joined the American Museum of Natural History as assistant in the department of mammalogy. In 1913 he founded Copeia, the official journal of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. In 1916 he described the long lost Bermuda petrel together with Louis Leon Arthur Mowbray who first sighted this bird within a flock of other petrels in 1906 on Castle Island, Bermuda 45 years before it was officially rediscovered by Mowbray's son Louis. He also described the fish genus Bajacalifornia. He also worked with a team of scientists from the American Museum of Natural History during the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. From 1913 to 1952 he was first assistant curator, then associate curator in charge, and finally curator in the Department of Ichthyology at the American Museum of Natural History.
Nichols wrote 1,000 articles and several books (mostly about fish but also about birds), and he made many expeditions around the world.
He was married to Cornelia duBois Floyd.
- Fishes in the Vicinity of New York City (1918)
- The Freshwater Fishes of China (1943)
- Field book of Fresh-water Fishes of North America North of Mexico
- Marine Fishes of New York and Southern New England
- Fishes and Shells of the Pacific World (1945)
- Representative North American Fresh-water Fishes (1942)
- Charles Foster Batchelder. An account of the Nuttall Ornithological Club, 1873 to 1919. Nuttall Ornithological Club, 1937. p. 99
- American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists – Beginnings
- Louis Leon Arthur Mowbray
- Dean Amadon. "John Treadwell Nichols". The Auk, Vol. 88, No. 2 (April 1971), pp. 477–480
- Biography John Nichols
- Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. iii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Nichols", p. 190).
- Wild, Peter (1986). John Nichols. Western Writers Series. Boise, Idaho: Boise State University. p. 52. ISBN 978-0884300496. OCLC 14712741.
- Data related to J.T. Nichols at Wikispecies
- Works by or about John Treadwell Nichols in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
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