Profile portrait of John Westlake by Marianne Stokes, 1902
|Born||4 February 1828
Lostwithiel, Cornwall, UK
|Died||14 April 1913 (aged 85)
|Education||Trinity College, Cambridge|
|Occupation||Academic lawyer and writer|
|Employer||University of Cambridge|
|Known for||Work in public international law|
|Title||Whewell Professor of International Law|
|Predecessor||Sir Henry Maine|
|Successor||Lassa Francis Lawrence Oppenheim|
He was born at Lostwithiel, Cornwall, the son of a Cornish wool-stapler. He was educated at Lostwithiel and, from 1846, at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA (6th Wrangler and 6th Classic) in 1850. He was a fellow of Trinity from 1851 to 1860, called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1854, and became a bencher of the Inn in 1874. In 1885 he was elected to Parliament as Liberal member for the Romford Division of Essex; from 1888 to 1908 he held the Whewell Chair as professor of international law at Cambridge; in 1900-06 he was a member for Great Britain of the International Court of Arbitration at The Hague.
In 1864 he married Alice Hare (1842–1923), artist and key supporter of the women's suffrage movement.
He was connected with the Christian Socialist Movement, being a member of the Committee of Teaching and Publication. He is considered to be one of the founders of the Working Men's College in 1854, where he taught mathematics for many years. He was an honorary president of the Institute of International Law.
His works, of the highest importance in their field, include:
- A Treatise on Private International Law (1858; second edition, rewritten, 1880; fifth edition, 1912)
- Chapters on the Principles of International Law (1894)
- International Law (two volumes, 1904–07; second edition, 1910–13)
His Collected Papers on Public International Law were edited by L. Oppenheim in 1914.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)
- "Westlake, John (WSTK845J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- J. F. C. Harrison, A History of the Working Men's College (1854-1954), Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1954
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Westlake, John". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Westlake
- Works by or about John Westlake at Internet Archive
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Romford
1885 – 1886
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