John Ziman

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John Ziman
Born(1925-05-16)16 May 1925
Cambridge, England
Died2 January 2005(2005-01-02) (aged 79)
Spouse(s)Rosemary Dixon
Joan Solomon
AwardsFellow of the Royal Society (1967)[1]
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Bristol, University of Oxford, Victoria University of Wellington, University of Cambridge

John Michael Ziman (16 May 1925 – 2 January 2005)[1] was a British-born New Zealand physicist and humanist who worked in the area of condensed matter physics.[2][3][4] He was a spokesman for science, as well as a teacher and author.

Ziman was born in Cambridge, England, in 1925. His parents were Solomon Netheim Ziman and, Nellie Frances, née Gaster. The family emigrated to New Zealand when Ziman was a baby. He obtained his early education at Hamilton High School and the University of Wellington. He obtained his PhD from Balliol College, Oxford and did his early research on the theory of electrons in liquid metals at the University of Cambridge.[5]

In 1964 he was appointed professor of theoretical physics at University of Bristol, where he wrote his Elements Of Advanced Quantum Theory (1969) which explains the rudiments of quantum field theory with an elementary condensed matter slant. During this period, his interests shifted towards the philosophy of science. He argued about the social dimension of science,[6][7][8][9] and the social responsibility of scientists in numerous essays and books.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

He married twice, to Rosemary Dixon in 1951 and secondly to Joan Solomon, and was survived by her and three of his four children.[18]

See also[edit]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Ziman, John (1960). Electrons and phonons: The theory of transport phenomena in solids. Clarendon. ISBN 978-0-19-850779-6.
  • Ziman, John (1963). Electrons in metals: A short guide to the Fermi surface. Taylor & Francis. OCLC 13129448.
  • Ziman, John (1968). Public Knowledge: Essay Concerning the Social Dimension of Science. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-06894-9.
  • Ziman, John (1969). Elements Of Advanced Quantum Theory. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-09949-3.
  • Ziman, John (1972). Principles of the Theory of Solids. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-29733-2.
  • Ziman, John (1976). The Force of Knowledge: The Scientific Dimension of Society. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-09917-2.
  • Ziman, John (1978). Reliable Knowledge: an Exploration of the Grounds for Belief in Science. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-40670-3.
  • An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987, ISBN 978-0-521-34680-1
  • Ziman, John (1994). Prometheus Bound: Science in a dynamic steady state. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-43430-0.
  • Ziman, John (1995). Of one mind: the collectivization of science. AIP Press (American Institute of Physics). ISBN 978-1-56396-065-9.
  • Ziman, John (2000). Real Science: What It Is and What It Means. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-77229-7.


  1. ^ a b Berry, M.; Nye, J. F. (2006). "John Michael Ziman. 16 May 1925 -- 2 January 2005: Elected FRS 1967" (PDF). Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 52: 479–491. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2006.0032.
  2. ^ Enderby, J. (2005). "John Michael Ziman". Physics Today. 58 (11): 74. Bibcode:2005PhT....58k..74E. doi:10.1063/1.2155772.
  3. ^ Ravetz, J. (2 February 2005). "Obituary: John Ziman". The Guardian.
  4. ^ Ziman, J. (1998). "ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: Why must scientists become more ethically sensitive than they used to be?". Science. 282 (5395): 1813–1814. Bibcode:1998Sci...282.1813Z. doi:10.1126/science.282.5395.1813. PMID 11645122.
  5. ^ "Ziman, John Michael" (PDF). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  6. ^ Ziman, J. (1996). "Is science losing its objectivity?". Nature. 382 (6594): 751–754. Bibcode:1996Natur.382..751Z. doi:10.1038/382751a0.
  7. ^ Ziman, J. (2003). "Emerging out of nature into history: The plurality of the sciences". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 361 (1809): 1617–1633. Bibcode:2003RSPTA.361.1617Z. doi:10.1098/rsta.2003.1233. PMID 12952677.
  8. ^ Ziman, J. (2003). "Non-instrumental roles of science". Science and Engineering Ethics. 9 (1): 17–27. doi:10.1007/s11948-003-0016-y. PMID 12645226.
  9. ^ Ziman, J. (2002). "The continuing need for disinterested research". Science and Engineering Ethics. 8 (3): 397–399. doi:10.1007/s11948-002-0060-z. PMID 12353368.
  10. ^ Ziman, J. (2001). "Getting scientists to think about what they are doing". Science and Engineering Ethics. 7 (2): 165–176. doi:10.1007/s11948-001-0038-2. PMID 11349357.
  11. ^ Ziman, J. M. (1984). "Thoughts on Science Policy: Priorities in Research". Science. 224 (4650): 708–708. Bibcode:1984Sci...224..708K. doi:10.1126/science.224.4650.708. PMID 17780590.
  12. ^ Ziman, J. M. (1980). "The proliferation of scientific literature: A natural process". Science. 208 (4442): 369–371. Bibcode:1980Sci...208..369Z. doi:10.1126/science.7367863. PMID 7367863.
  13. ^ Ziman, J. (1978). "The Research Enterprise in the Soviet Union". Science. 201 (4361): 1115–1116. Bibcode:1978Sci...201.1115M. doi:10.1126/science.201.4361.1115. PMID 17830312.
  14. ^ Young, M.; Ziman, J. (1971). "Cycles in social behaviour". Nature. 229 (5280): 91–95. Bibcode:1971Natur.229...91Y. doi:10.1038/229091a0. PMID 4923114.
  15. ^ Ziman, J. M. (1970). "Some pathologies of the scientific life". Nature. 227 (5262): 996–997. Bibcode:1970Natur.227..996.. doi:10.1038/227996a0. PMID 5449782.
  16. ^ Ziman, J. M. (1970). "New knowledge for old". Nature. 227 (5261): 890–894. Bibcode:1970Natur.227..890Z. doi:10.1038/227890a0. PMID 5448993.
  17. ^ Ziman, J. M. (1969). "Information, communication, knowledge". Nature. 224 (5217): 318–324. Bibcode:1969Natur.224..318Z. doi:10.1038/224318a0. PMID 5343876.
  18. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". London: The Royal Society. Retrieved 16 July 2010.[permanent dead link]