John de Lacy, 2nd Earl of Lincoln

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John de Lacy
Coat of arms of John de Lacy, Lord of Pontefract Castle1.png
Arms of John de Lacy, as Lord of Pontefract Castle, and at the sealing of Magna Charta
Born c. 1192
Died 22 July 1240(1240-07-22)
Resting place Cistercian Abbey of Stanlaw, in County Chester
Title 2nd Earl of Lincoln, of the fourth creation
Other titles 7th Baron of Halton Castle
5th Lord of Bowland
Nationality English
Offices Constable of Chester
Predecessor Hawise of Chester, 1st Countess of Lincoln (suo jure)
Successor Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln (suo jure)
Spouse(s) Alice de Aquila
Margaret de Quincy
Parents Roger de Lacy
Maud de Clere

John de Lacy (c. 1192 – 22 July 1240) was the 2nd Earl of Lincoln, of the fourth creation.

Background[edit]

He was the eldest son and heir of Roger de Lacy and his wife, Maud or Matilda de Clere (not of the de Clare family).[1]

Public life[edit]

He was hereditary constable of Chester and, in the 15th year of King John, undertook the payment of 7,000 marks to the crown, in the space of four years, for livery of the lands of his inheritance, and to be discharged of all his father's debts due to the exchequer, further obligating himself by oath, that in case he should ever swerve from his allegiance, and adhere to the king's enemies, all of his possessions should devolve upon the crown, promising also, that he would not marry without the king's licence. By this agreement it was arranged that the king should retain the castles of Pontefract and Dunnington, still in his own hands; and that he, the said John, should allow 40 pounds per year, for the custody of those fortresses. But the next year he had Dunnington restored to him, upon hostages.

John de Lacy, 7th Baron of Halton Castle, 5th Lord of Bowland and hereditary constable of Chester, was one of the earliest who took up arms at the time of the Magna Charta, and was appointed to see that the new statutes were properly carried into effect and observed in the counties of York and Nottingham. He was one of twenty-five barons charged with overseeing the observance of Magna Carta in 1215.[2]

He was excommunicated by the Pope. Upon the accession of King Henry III, he joined a party of noblemen and made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and did good service at the siege of Damietta. In 1232 he was made Earl of Lincoln and in 1240, governor of Chester and Beeston Castles. In 1237, his lordship was one of those appointed to prohibit Oto, the pope's prelate, from establishing anything derogatory to the king's crown and dignity, in the council of prelates then assembled; and the same year he was appointed High Sheriff of Cheshire, being likewise constituted Governor of the castle of Chester.

Private life[edit]

He married firstly Alice in 1214 in Pontefract, daughter of Gilbert de Aquila, who gave him one daughter Joan.[3] Alice died in 1216 in Pontefract and, after his marked gallantry at the siege of Damietta.

He married secondly in 1221 Margaret de Quincy, only daughter and heiress of Robert de Quincy, son of Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester, by Hawyse, 4th sister and co-heir of Ranulph de Mechines, Earl of Chester and Lincoln, which Ranulph, by a formal charter under his seal, granted the Earldom of Lincoln, that is, so much as he could grant thereof, to the said Hawyse, "to the end that she might be countess, and that her heirs might also enjoy the earldom;" which grant was confirmed by the king, and at the especial request of the countess, this John de Lacy, constable of Chester, through his marriage was allowed to succeed de Blondeville and was created by charter, dated Northampton, 23 November 1232, Earl of Lincoln, with remainder to the heirs of his body, by his wife, the above-mentioned Margaret.[1] In the contest which occurred during the same year, between the king and Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, Earl Marshal, Matthew Paris states that the Earl of Lincoln was brought over to the king's party, with John of Scotland, 7th Earl of Chester, by Peter de Rupibus, Bishop of Winchester, for a bribe of 1,000 marks.
By this marriage he had one son, Edmund de Lacy, Baron of Pontefract, and two daughters, of one, Maud, married Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester.[4]

Later life[edit]

He died on 22 July 1240 and was buried at the Cisterian Abbey of Stanlaw, in County Chester. The monk Matthew Paris, records: "On the 22nd day of July, in the year 1240, which was St. Magdalen's Day, John, Earl of Lincoln, after suffering from a long illness went the way of all flesh". Margaret, his wife, survived him and remarried Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke.

Peerage of England
Preceded by
Hawise of Chester
1st Countess of Lincoln suo jure
Earl of Lincoln
together with his wife
Margaret de Quincy
2nd Countess of Lincoln suo jure

1232–1240
Succeeded by
reverted solely to his wife
Margaret de Quincy
2nd Countess of Lincoln
suo jure

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nicholas Vincent (October 2005). "Lacy, John de, third earl of Lincoln (c.1192–1240)". Oxford DNB. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  2. ^ Holt, J.C. (1992). The Northerners: A Study in the Reign of King John. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. xxix. ISBN 0-19-820309-8. 
  3. ^ Wightman, W. E., The Lacy Family in England and Normandy, 1066-1194 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966.), p. 261, Family History Library, 929.242 L119w.
  4. ^ Europaïsche Stammtafeln, Neue Folge III-4 tafeln 709 die Lacy 1066-1193.