Hey, Johnnie Cope, Are Ye Waking Yet?

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"Hey, Johnnie Cope, Are Ye Wauking Yet?"
Song
LanguageScots
WrittenUnknown
Composer(s)Traditional
Lyricist(s)Adam Skirving

"Hey, Johnnie Cope, are Ye Wauking Yet?", also "Hey Johnnie Cope, are you awake yet?", "Heigh! Johnnie Cowp, are ye wauken yet?", or simply "Johnny Cope" is a Scottish folk song that also features in bagpipe recitals.

Background[edit]

The song commemorates the Battle of Prestonpans, fought on 21 September during the Jacobite rising of 1745. Forces led by the Stuart exile Charles Edward Stuart defeated a government army under Sir John Cope, whose inexperienced troops broke in the face of a highland charge. The battle lasted less than fifteen minutes and was a huge boost to Jacobite morale, while a heavily mythologised version of the story entered art and legend. Cope and two others were tried by a court-martial in 1746 and exonerated, the Court deciding defeat was due to the 'shameful conduct of the private soldiers.'[1]

Alan Skirving, a local farmer, visited the battlefield later that afternoon where he was, by his own account, mugged by the victors. He wrote two songs, "Tranent Muir" and the better known "Hey, Johnnie Cope, Are Ye Waking Yet?", using well-known tunes which still feature in Scottish folk music and bagpipe recitals. [2]

The poet Robert Burns later wrote his own words to the song, but these are not as well known as Skirving's.

Usage[edit]

It has been recorded by Alastair McDonald, Ewan MacColl, The Corries, Jean Redpath, Planxty, Natalie MacMaster, The Tannahill Weavers, Charlie Zahm, Emerald Rose, Back o' the Moon, Ceolbeg and many others. "Johnnie Cope" has been arranged many times, most notably by Ludwig van Beethoven, and also by Ken Johnston for the National Youth Choir of Scotland and the National Boys' Choir. It was performed at the Glasgow leg of Proms in the Park 2007, along with other Johnston arrangements.

The tune, set for pipes, is the regulation pipe call for Réveillé in Highland Regiments of the British Army and also the Scots Guards, in which John Cope served between 1710 and 1712.[3]

In McAuslan in the Rough, George MacDonald Fraser writes whimsically of being woken by the song while serving as a young subaltern in the Gordon Highlanders.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blaikie (ed), Walter Biggar (1916). Publications of the Scottish History Society (Volume Ser. 2, Vol. 2 (March, 1916) 1737-1746). Scottish History Society. p. 434.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ http://cornemusique.free.fr/ukjohnnycope.php
  3. ^ Scots Guards Standard Settings of Pipe Music (4th edition) Patterson's Publications London 1960
  4. ^ MacDonald Fraser, George. 'McAuslan in the Rough' 1974

External links[edit]