Johnson T. Crawford

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Johnson Tal Crawford was a district judge in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States from 1936 to 1946.[1] He was appointed as member of Military Tribunal I by Harry S. Truman[2] and judged both the Doctors' trial (along with Walter B. Beals, Harold Sebring, and Victor C. Swearingen) and the RuSHA Trial[3] as part of the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials at Nuremberg. The collective judgement from the Doctors' trial led to the establishment of the Nuremberg Code.[4] His papers are held in the Linscheid Library of East Central University.[5]


  1. ^ "Alumni" (PDF). Sooner Magazine. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma. 21 (12): 19. August 1949. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  2. ^ Truman, Harry (20 December 1946). "Executive Order 9813-Appointment of the Members and the Alternate Member of a Military Tribunal Establlished for the Trial and Punishment of Major War Criminals in Germany". Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "The judges of Military Tribunal I hearing the RuSHA Trial.". Photo Archives. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Emanuel, Ezekiel J.; Grady, Christine C.; Crouch, Robert A.; Lie, Reidar K.; Miller, Franklin G.; Wendler, David D. (2011). The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 136–140. ISBN 9780199768639. 
  5. ^ "Linscheid Library: Special Collections". East Central University. Retrieved 20 November 2014.