In science-fiction criticism, a Jonbar hinge or Jonbar point is the fictional concept of a crucial point of divergence between two outcomes, especially in time-travel stories. It is sometimes referred to as a Jon Bar hinge or change-point.
The phrase is derived from the Jack Williamson novel The Legion of Time (serialized 1938, collected 1952). It refers to one action from its character John Barr, in which picking up one of two objects (a magnet and a pebble) is a major turning point in history: choosing one will lead to a utopian civilization named Jonbar, while the other to the tyranny of the state of Gyronchi.
This crucial moment (about which other characters are forewarned and must act), is thus a "Jonbar point" in the novel's timeline, a forking-place upon which hinges the rest of its history.
Jonbar hinges often refer to small non-descript events that had an important effect on history, but because of time travel the outcome of the choice or event was changed leading to a different future or an alternate history. It can, however, refer to any kind of change in history without having to deal with time travel, as Paul Di Filippo used the term when reviewing S. M. Stirling's In the Courts of the Crimson Kings. In Michael Chabon's The Yiddish Policemen's Union the jonbar hinge was the death of the main opponent to the King-Havenner Bill, which if passed would have allowed Jewish refugees to settle in Alaska. The term is also used when describing an important upcoming event or decision humanity will have to make in the future.
Jonbar Hinges are often the subject of professional, journalistic, and amateur speculation.
- Langford, David (August 21, 2012). "Jonbar Point". The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. London: Gollancz.
- Evelyn C. Leeper and Mark R. Leeper (1993). "ConFrancisco 1993". Retrieved 7 December 2008.
- "The weak things of the world shall confound the mighty". MetaFilter. March 8, 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
- Pauline Morgan (November 28, 2005). "Century Rain by Alastair Reynolds". SF Crowsnest (via archive.org). Retrieved 6 December 2008.
- Paul Di Filippo (March 17, 2008). "Review:In the Courts of the Crimson Kings". Sci Fi Weekly. Archived from the original on 21 June 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
- John Joseph Adams (March 5, 2008). "Yiddish Inspired By Phrasebook". Sci Fi Wire (via archive.org). Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- Clyde Lewis. "The Martian Chronicle for the 21st Century Apocalypse". Ground Zero. Retrieved 7 December 2008.
- "Ripped Off From the Headlines". Washington Post. December 6, 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
|This science fiction–related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|