Jorge I. Domínguez
Jorge I. Domínguez
|Born||1945 (age 75–76)|
|Employer||Retired from Harvard University|
|Title||Antonio Madero Professor for the Study of Mexico|
Jorge I. Domínguez (born 1945), a scholar of Latin American studies in the United States, taught at Harvard University from 1972 to 2018, when he retired as the Antonio Madero Professor for the Study of Mexico.
He began his teaching career at Harvard in 1972, and in 1979 was granted tenure. From 1995 to 2006, he served as director of Harvard's Weatherhead Center for International Affairs. From 2006 to 2015, he served as Harvard's first Vice Provost for International Affairs in the Office of the Provost, and Senior Advisor for International Studies to the Dean of the Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences. He also chaired the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies, served as an associate of Harvard's David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, and as an associate of Harvard's Leverett House.
In February 2018, an article in The Chronicle of Higher Education alleged that Domínguez had committed acts of sexual assault and sexual harassment since the late 1970s. In response, Harvard launched a review of the allegations and placed Domínguez on paid administrative leave. He announced he would retire at the end of the Spring 2018 semester, and did so on June 18 of that year. Harvard's Title IX investigation concluded in May 2019 that Domínguez had engaged in unwelcome sexual conduct, and the university stripped him of his emeritus status and disinvited him from its campus. In January 2020, the Latin American Studies Association, of which he had been president, revoked his membership due to his violations of ethical standards.
Background and education
He attended Belen Jesuit Preparatory School in Miami, Florida, and in 1963 graduated from Fordham Preparatory School, in the Bronx in New York City. In 1967, he received his B.A. from Yale University. He went on to receive his M.A. (1968) and Ph.D. (1972) from Harvard University.
Domínguez began his teaching career at Harvard in 1972, and by 1979 was granted tenure.
He was the Antonio Madero Professor for the Study of Mexico at Harvard until his retirement in June 2018.
From 1995 to 2006, he served as director of Harvard's Weatherhead Center for International Affairs. From 2006 to 2015, he served as Harvard's first Vice Provost for International Affairs in the Office of the Provost, and as Senior Advisor for International Studies to the Dean of the Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Prior to his retirement, he also chaired the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies, and also as an associate of Harvard's David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, and an associate of Harvard's Leverett House.
Domínguez' books include: The Construction of Democracy: Lessons from Practice and Research; Between Compliance and Conflict: East Asia, Latin America and the New Pax Americana; The Cuban Economy at the Start of the Twenty-First Century; Mexico’s Pivotal Democratic Election: Candidates, Voters, and the Presidential Campaign of 2000; Boundary Disputes in Latin America; Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America; Mexico, Central, and South America: New Perspectives, The United States and Mexico: Between Partnership and Conflict; Democratic Politics in Latin America and the Caribbean; International Security and Democracy; Technopols; Democratizing Mexico; and Conflictos Territoriales y Democracia en America Latina.
Some articles written by Domínguez:
- "How Asia Can Tackle Crises", The Straits Times; 19 July 2006
- "A Legacy of Mixed Messages", The Boston Globe; 16 January 2006
- "Bush Administration Policy: A View toward Latin America"; ReVista, Spring/Summer 2005
- "Liberty for Latin America"; The Washington Post; 13 March 2005
- "US and Cuba Cooperate on Many Issues"; The Miami Herald; 29 February 2004
- "Cuba: His Brother's Keeper"; Foreign Policy, 139; November/December 2003
In addition to his substantive academic contributions, Domínguez worked over the years to develop the scholarly field of Latin Americanist social science in four large-scale multi-book multi-authored projects involving authors from the United States and most Latin American authors.
First, he encouraged U.S. and Mexican scholars to carry out research on Mexican public opinion and voting behavior. In particular, a team of research colleagues developed panel studies to interview and re-interview individuals during the same presidential election campaigns (2000, 2006, 2012), and within a year or two made the primary data for these surveys freely and universally available on the Web.
Second, working with international teams that featured Cuban social scientists, Domínguez fostered research by Cuban academics and supported their research, writing, and publication in English to make such work better known. This endeavor spanned U.S.-Cuban relations, macroeconomic and microeconomic policies, poverty, social mobility, and territorial inequalities. For this effort to advance and make known the work of Cuban scholars, and for his own research, he received the lifetime contribution award from the Cuba Section of the Latin American Studies Association.
Third, as a founding member of the Washington, D.C.-based think tank Inter-American Dialogue, Domínguez and Dialogue colleagues generated assessments of the state of democratic politics across Latin America. The first book covered every country of Latin America, while the other three books focused on the large countries, with each volume featuring authors from across the continent. This project led to his appointment as a founding adviser for the non-profit Club de Madrid, whose members are former presidents and prime ministers of democratic countries the world over.
And fourth, Domínguez and Rafael Fernández de Castro designed a project of books on U.S. relations with key Latin American countries and subregions; most books with two authors — one from the United States, and one from the respective Latin American country. This project led also to his co-founding of Foreign Affairs Latinomérica and membership on its editorial board.
Sexual harassment and alleged sexual assault
In 1983, Domínguez was disciplined by Harvard's administration for "serious conduct" for sexually harassing Terry Karl, then a junior faculty colleague in Harvard's Government Department (later, a professor emeritus of political science and Latin Studies at Stanford University). He was forbidden to hold administrative responsibilities for three years. Nevertheless, Domínguez was subsequently promoted several times, and was appointed the Vice Provost for International Affairs.
On February 27, 2018, The Chronicle of Higher Education reported that at least ten women, including graduate students and junior colleagues, described incidents in which Domínguez allegedly sexually assaulted or sexually harassed them, dating back to 1979 and continuing through at least 2015. According to the New York Times, allegations from other women "ranged in severity, from inappropriate full-body hugs to claims by one woman that he grabbed her buttocks and tried to put his hand down her pants." According to the article, Domínguez stepped between the former Venezuelan president, Rafael Caldera, and Karl as they approached one another at a Harvard reception; Dominguez, speaking in Spanish, then introduced Karl to Caldera as his "slave". Karl recounted that he told her one evening, while walking across campus following a meeting, that "this would be a nice place for a rape", making Karl fear for her safety. She felt that despite the administration's acknowledgement of her complaint, Harvard did not take the issue of sexual assault seriously. Some accusers recalled that they dropped classes, abandoned projects, or, as in Karl's case, left the university to escape him.
Domínguez said he was surprised and saddened by the allegations, suggested that his behavior may have been misinterpreted, and further said, "I do not go around making sexual advances."
In response to these accusations, Harvard University announced in March 2018 that it was soliciting additional information from university affiliates regarding Domínguez's alleged misconduct. He was placed on paid administrative leave pending conclusion of an internal review. Domínguez's membership in the Leverett House Senior Common Room was revoked.
On March 6, 2018, Domínguez resigned from his administrative positions and announced his intention to retire fully from Harvard at the end of the Spring 2018 semester. University administrators said that the sexual harassment investigations would not be affected by his retirement.
In May 2019, Harvard concluded its investigation, finding that Domínguez had engaged in unwelcome sexual conduct toward multiple people over a long time. As a result, Domínguez was stripped of his emeritus status and privileges, and disinvited from the University campus and sponsored events.
In February 2021 Harvard formally apologized to Karl for failing to adequately enforce sanctions against Domínguez in her sexual harassment complaint against him.
- Lowenthal, Abraham F. (1989). "Review: To Make a World Safe for Revolution: Cuba's Foreign Policy by Jorge I. Domínguez". Foreign Affairs. 68 (3): 173. JSTOR 20044048.
- Fu, Angela N.; Wang, Lucy (Mar 6, 2018). "Gov Prof Dominguez to Retire Following Harassment Allegations". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved Mar 10, 2018.
- Berger, Jonah S.; McCafferty, Molly C. (2019-02-27). "Breaking: Gov Professor Jorge Dominguez Stripped of Emeritus Status Following Conclusion of Title IX Investigation - News". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved 2019-05-09.
- "LASA Membership of Jorge Dominguez Revoked" LASA Forum accessed 29 July 2020
- "Harvard Cuban scholar suspended over sex harassment charges," Miami Herald.
- Natanson, Hannah (November 27, 2016). "For Cuban Americans at Harvard, Mixed Feelings After Castro's Death". The Harvard Crimson.
- "Cuba podría convertirse en la Singapur del Caribe", El Pais.
- "2010 Dues Drive Contributors", belenjesuit.org
- "Domínguez appointed vice provost for international affairs," Harvard Gazette.
- "Harvard Professor To Retire Amid Sexual Misconduct Claims From 18 Women," HuffPost
- "Harvard People » Jorge I. Dominguez". people.fas.harvard.edu. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- J. Domínguez and James McCann, Democratizing Mexico: Public Opinion and Electoral Choices (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996); J. Domínguez and Alejandro Poiré, Toward Mexico’s Democratization: Parties, Campaigns, Elections, and Public Opinion (Routledge, 1999); J. Domínguez and Chappell Lawson, eds., Mexico’s Pivotal Democratic Election: Candidates, Voters, and the Presidential Campaign of 2000 (Stanford University Press, 2004); J. Domínguez, C. Lawson, and Alejandro Moreno, eds., Consolidating Mexican Democracy: The 2006 Presidential Campaign in Comparative Perspective (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009)
- Research | MIT Political Science
- J. Domínguez, Omar E. Pérez-Villanueva, Mayra Espina, and Lorena Barberia, Cuban Economic and Social Development: Policy Reforms and Challenges in the 21st. Century (Harvard University David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, 2012); J. Domínguez, Rafael Hernández, and L. Barberia, Debating U.S.-Cuban Relations: Shall We Play Ball? (Routledge, 2011); J. Domínguez, O.E. Pérez-Villanueva, and L. Barberia, The Cuban Economy at the Start of the Twenty-First Century (Harvard University David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, 2004); J. Domínguez and R. Hernández, U.S.-Cuban Relations in the 1990s (Westview, 1989).
- "Inter-American Dialogue | Experts". www.thedialogue.org. Retrieved 2017-04-11.
- "MEMBERS LISTED BY COUNTRY". Archived from the original on 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
- J. Domínguez and Abraham Lowenthal, eds., Constructing Democratic Governance: Latin America and the Caribbean (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996); J. Domínguez and Michael Shifter, Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America (Johns Hopkins University Press), second edition (2003), third edition (2008), and fourth edition (2013).
- "Advisory Committee"[permanent dead link]
- All from Routledge: Cynthia McClintock and Fabián Fallas, The United States and Peru (2002); Deborah Norden and Roberto Russell, The United States and Argentina (2002); Monica Hirst, The United States and Brazil (2004); Anthony Maingot and Wilfredo Lozano, The United States and the Caribbean (2004); Mark Rosenberg and Luis Guillermo Solís, The United States and Central America (2007); J. Domínguez and Rafael Fernández de Castro, The United States and Mexico (2009); Marifeli Pérez-Stable, The United States and Cuba (2010); Javier Corrales and Carlos Romero, The United States and Venezuela (2012).
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-09. Retrieved 2013-01-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Idelson, Holly A (September 28, 1983). "Harvard Disciplines Professor For Sexual Harassment". The Harvard Crimson.
- "Harvard professor accused of sexual misconduct to retire," The Boston Globe
- Bartlett, Tom and Nell Gluckman (February 27, 2018). "She Left Harvard. He Got to Stay. Did the university's handling of one professor's sexual-harassment complaint keep other women from coming forward for decades?". The Chronicle of Higher Education.
- "Harvard Professor Resigns Amid Allegations of Sexual Harassment," The New York Times
- "‘This Would be a Nice Place For a Rape’: Harvard Professor Jorge Domínguez To Retire After Harassment Allegations," Newsweek
- "In Wake of Dominguez Allegations, Harvard Asks Affiliates to Come Forward". The Harvard Crimson. March 3, 2018.
- "FAS Places Dominguez On 'Leave' After Sexual Harassment Allegations". The Harvard Crimson. March 5, 2018.
- "Students Voice Concern, Frustration After Dominguez Harassment Accusations At Forum". The Harvard Crimson. March 3, 2018.
- Nell Gluckman (2021-02-04). "'Harvard Failed Her': University Apologizes to Scholar Who Endured Harassment". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
- "Jorge I. Domínguez (on administrative leave)," David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies
- "Jorge I. Domínguez," Weatherhead Center for International Affairs
- "Jorge I. Domínguez," Club de Madrid
- "Jorge I. Domínguez, long CV"
- "Vice Provost Talks at IOP; Dominguez discusses his personal hopes for" by Dennis J. Zheng, Harvard Crimson, November 26, 2008]
- Personal website