José Benito de Churriguera
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José Benito de Churriguera (21 March 1665 – 2 March 1725) was a Spanish architect, sculptor and urbanist of the late-Baroque or Rococo style. He was born in Madrid to a Catalan cabinetmaker, gilder and altarpiece joiner, Josep Simó Xoriguera i Elies and to doña Maria de Ocaña, and studied under his father along with two of his brothers.
His excessively decorated style, which can be described as an obsessively over-wrought horror vacui on any surface or facade, led to the adjective churrigueresque. In Spain, the artistry appears to have been influenced by the highly decorated styles of Moorish architecture. He and his two brothers Joaquin (1674–1724) and Alberto (1676–1750) were recognized as the leading architects of their time.
His works include or are found in the following:
- The altarpiece in the church for Convent of San Esteban in Salamanca
- The Cathedral of Salamanca.
- The church of saint Sebastian in Madrid
- The church of San Cayetano in Madrid.
- The church of saint Thomas in Madrid.
- The Goyeneche Palace in Madrid.
- The Goyeneche Palace, church and garden in the factory town of Nuevo Baztán, near Alcalá de Henares.
- The chapel of the Sacristy (Sagrario) in the Cathedral of Segovia.
- The altarpiece of the Transit of the Virgin in the cathedral in Palencia.
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