José Manuel Estepa Llaurens

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José Manuel Estepa Llaurens
Military Ordinary Emeritus of Spain
Mons. Estepa (30279526624).jpg
ChurchCatholic Church
Appointed21 July 1986
Term ended30 October 2003
PredecessorEmilio Benavent Escuín
SuccessorFrancisco Pérez González
Other postsCardinal-Priest of San Gabriele Arcangelo all'Acqua Traversa (2010–2019)
Ordination27 June 1954
by Leopoldo Eijo y Garay
Consecration15 October 1972
by Vicente Enrique y Tarancón
Created cardinal20 November 2010
by Pope Benedict XVI
Personal details
Birth nameJosé Manuel Estepa Llaurens
Born(1926-01-01)1 January 1926
Andújar, Spain
Died21 July 2019(2019-07-21) (aged 93)
Madrid, Spain
Previous post
Alma mater
MottoPax hominibus
Coat of armsJosé Manuel Estepa Llaurens's coat of arms
Styles of
José Manuel Estepa Llaurens
Coat of arms of Jose Manuel Estepa Llaurens.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal

José Manuel Estepa Llaurens (1 January 1926 – 21 July 2019) was a Spanish prelate of the Catholic Church who was Military Archbishop of Spain from 1983 to 2003. He was made a cardinal in 2010.


Born in Andújar, Spain, on 1 January 1926. He studied philosophy at the Pontifical University of Salamanca and theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in pastoral theology. He obtained a licentiate in pastoral catechesis at the Institut Catholique, Paris, in 1956.

He was ordained a priest on 27 June 1954. He was chaplain of Colegio Mayor Universitario Guadalupe of Madrid, from 1956 until 1960. He served as professor at the Hispanicamerican Theological Seminary of Madrid from 1956 to 1964 and director of the Department of Pastoral of Obra de Cooperación Sacerdotal Hispanoamericana (OCSHA) from 1957 to 1961. He served as the assessore to the presidency of the Episcopal Council of Latin America (CELAM) from 1958 to 1967. He also collaborated with the Catholic Action. From 1965 until 1971, he was national director of catechesis of the Spanish Episcopal Conference, as well as general delegate of the Episcopal Commission for Education and consultor of the Congregation for the Clergy, 1971.

Pope Paul VI appointed him an Auxiliary Bishop of Madrid and Titular Bishop of Tisili on 5 September 1972.[1] He was consecrated a bishop on 15 October 1972; his principal consecrator was Cardinal Vicente Enrique y Tarancón, Archbishop of Madrid.[2]

Pope John Paul II appointed him the Ordinary of the Military Archbishopric of Spain and Titular Archbishop of Velebusdus on 30 July 1983.[1] His titular see was changed to Titular Archbishop of Italica on 18 November 1989, but he resigned it on 7 March 1998. He retired as Military Archbishop of Spain on 30 October 2003.[3] In the 1980s and 90s he was a member of the Commission of six bishops that edited the Catechism of the Catholic Church and oversaw the production of its Spanish translation.[4]

Pope Benedict XVI made him Cardinal-Priest of San Gabriele Arcangelo all'Acqua Traversa on 20 November 2010 at the age of 84.[5]

He died on 21 July 2019 at the age of 93.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Falleció el cardenal español Estepa Llaurens". Vatican News (in Spanish). 21 July 2019. Archived from the original on 21 July 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Fallece el cardenal jienense José Manuel Estepa, arzobispo emérito castrense". Ideal (in Spanish). Europa Press. 21 July 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 30.10.2003" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Spanish Cardinal Estepa, who helped edit catechism, dies at 93". Crux. Catholic News Service. 22 July 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Assegnazione dei Titoli e delle Diaconie ai nuovi Cardinali" [Assignment of Titles and Deaconries to the new Cardinals] (in Italian). Ufficio delle Celebrazioni Liturgiche del Sommo Pontefice. 20 November 2010. Archived from the original on 28 July 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2019.

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Emilio Benavent Escuín
Military Archbishop of Spain
Succeeded by
Francisco Pérez González
Preceded by
Jean Margéot
Cardinal Priest of
San Gabriele Arcangelo all'Acqua Traversa