José Tomás de Sousa Martins

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José Tomás de Sousa Martins
Jose Tomas de Sousa Martins.jpg
Born 7 March 1843
Alhandra, Portugal
Died 19 August 1897 (1897-08-20) (aged 54)
Alhandra, Portugal
Nationality Portuguese
Occupation Doctor and professor
Monument to Sousa Martins, in Campo de Santana, Lisbon.

Dr José Tomás de Sousa Martins (7 March 1843 – 19 August 1897) was a doctor renowned for his work amongst the poor in Lisbon, Portugal. After his death, a secular cult has arisen around him in which he is thanked for "miraculous" cures.

Born in Alhandra (near Vila Franca de Xira) he moved to Lisbon in his youth, and qualified in pharmacy (1864) and medicine (1866). He then practiced as a doctor in the Pena area of Lisbon, specialising in the treatment of tuberculosis. His work was entirely on a secular basis, but he was noted in his life for the care he gave to the poor. In 1897, he was poisoned by an unknown person possibly due to jealousy of his popularity amongst the medical community.

In 1904, a statue of him was erected in the Campo dos Mártires da Pátria in Lisbon, outside the current Faculty of Medicinal Sciences (New University of Lisbon). This statue has become the centre of a quasi-religious cult in which the spirit Dr Sousa Martins is believed able to assist in cures. The foot of the statue is surrounded by marble plaques giving thanks to him for unexpected cures, some calling him "Brother", candles burn all around it and flowers are placed there.

His veneration was never recognized by the Catholic Church but it remains even today.

Published works[edit]

  • O Pneumogástrico, os Antinomiais, a Pneumonia - Memória apresentada à Academia Real das Ciências de Lisboa, Tipografia da Academia Real das Ciências de Lisboa, Lisboa, 1867.
  • A Patogenia Vista à Luz dos Actos Reflexos, Tese de Concurso, Tipografia Universal, Lisboa, 1868.
  • Patogenia e Célula, 1868.
  • Relatório dos Trabalhos da Conferência Sanitária Internacional reunida em Viena em 1874, apresentado pelo delegado português a essa conferência J. T. Sousa Martins, Imprensa Nacional, Lisboa, 1874.
  • Relatório dos Trabalhos da Conferência Sanitária Internacional, reunida em Viena, em 1874, Imprensa Nacional, Lisboa, 1874.
  • A Medicina Legal no Processo Joana Pereira, Resposta a uma consulta, Imprensa da Universidade, Coimbra,1878.
  • A Febre Amarela Importada pela Barca "Imogene", Tipografia Portuguesa, Lisboa, 1879.
  • Os Typhos de Setúbal, Relatório sobre a Memória acerca dos typhos de Setúbal do sr. Dr. Francisco Ayres do Soveral e Parecer sobre essa memória por Sousa Martins, Imprensa Nacional, Lisboa, 1881.
  • "Movimentos Pupilares Post-Mortem e Intra-Vitam", in Revista de Nevrologia e Psychiatria, Lisboa, 1888.
  • A Tuberculose Pulmonar e o Clima de Altitude da Serra da Estrela, Imprensa Nacional, Lisboa, 1890.
  • Costumes da Occidental Praia - Evolução de uma Lei no Período Metafísico, Físico e Moral (publicado sob o pseudónimo de Zehobb Cêrvador), Tip. da Companhia Nacional Editora, Lisboa, 1890.
  • Discurso pronunciado na inauguração do Mausoléu Sobral na cidade da Guarda, Tipografia da Companhia Nacional Editora, Lisboa, 1894.
  • Comemoração de Louis Pasteur, Discurso feito na Sociedade das Ciências Médicas de Lisboa, Tipografia Castro Irmão, Lisboa, 1895.

Nosografia de Antero, in Antero de Quental, in Memoriam, Porto, 1896.

External links[edit]