Jos Jullien

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Jos Jullien
Julien recadr.jpg
Born2 January 1877
Died22 May 1956 (1956-05-23) (aged 79)
Joyeuse, Ardèche, France

Joseph Victor Jullien, known as Jos Jullien, born January 1877 in Tournon-sur-Rhône in Ardèche (France) and died May 22, 1956 in Joyeuse (Ardèche), is a French general practitioner, researcher [1] [2], politician, prehistorian[3], painter-engraver[4] and man of pen.[5]. His biological work is at the origin of the creation of biotherm cosmetic products[6] · [7] · [8].

La Venelle by Jos Jullien, watercolor 1910.

Medical career[edit]

Jos Jullien in his laboratory, 1940.

Dr. Jos Jullien was a remarkable man. He was a doctor, archaeologist, painter, engraver, politician and researcher. He was the world reference for Brucellosis, a disabling disease that affected countries around the Mediterranean. He developed one of the first therapeutic treatments for this pathology[9] · [10]and a medical device to relieve the respiratory symptoms of the patients: the SPIRO[11] · [12] · [13], in 1934. This device marks a turning point in the medical career of the doctor Jullien. He quickly transformed himself into fitness equipment and Jos Jullien reached an agreement with the spa of Salin les Thermes (Savoie) to commercialize his invention. It was during the visit of the spa that he began to take an interest in the properties of thermal waters, initially as a complement to treatments for patients with Brucellosis[14].

Water Spiroscope of the Dr. Jos Jullien. Extract from the instructions. (patent 793.10 - 1935).

He conducted his first experiments on the waters of Aix les Bains (Savoie) for application in dermatology, but without success. His problem was the conservation of the properties of thermal waters outside the source. This is called the "aging of waters": a thermal water outside the source loses its properties. Why ? Nobody had the answer. He then studied the composition of these waters: minerals, vitamins, radioactivity ... Little by little he became the specialist of thermal waters and understood that the most important element in these waters is plankton. Plankton is a living element that gives the medical properties of waters. When the water is bottled, the physicochemical balance of the water is changed (T°C, Ph, oxygen), the plankton dies and the water loses its properties. He thus founded thermal hydrobiology. In 1946, Adrien Barthélemy bought the small spa town of Molitg-les-Bains in the Pyrénées-Orientales, and contacted Jos Jullien to study the waters of the resort. He wants to commercially exploit the properties of water in the form of derivatives. Jos Jullien becomes the director of the station laboratories which includes a team of about ten people. He is then 69 years old. It identifies a specific plankton of the station that plays a role on the skin. He then appealed to the Marissal couple to strengthen his team and produce a new cosmetic product from plankton[15] · [16] · [17]. They are developing a method of plankton culture, conservation and integration into a cream. Biotherm (BIOlogy THERMal ) was born. But the wounds of 14-18 Jos Jullien wake up and he can’t follow the research conducted in Molitg as before. It does not appear on the plankton of life patent, even if it is his research that allowed its creation.

Decorations and Distinctions[edit]

  • Legion Honneur Chevalier ribbon.svg Knight of the Legion of Honor (France)
  • CroixdeGuerreFR-BronzePalm.png War Cross (France)
  • Palmes academiques Officier ribbon.svg Officer of Academic Palms (France)
  • Medaille d'honneur (universel-1) ribbon.svg Medal of Honor of Epidemics (France)
  • Medaille d'honneur pour actes de courage et de devouement Vermeil ribbon.svg Medal of Vermeil of the Ministry of War (France) for 35 years of "care given free to the gendarmes".


  • Stéphane Rochette, Jos Jullien, une vie gravée en Vivarais, Éditions Archives départementales de l’Ardèche, 2010.
  • Laurent Jullien, Le spiroscope du médecin ardéchois Jos Jullien, Éditions Universitaires Européennes, janvier 2017.


  1. ^ Franck Delabre, Par ses recherches hydrobiologiques, un savant ardéchois, le docteur Jos Jullien, ouvre à la thérapeutique thermale des horizons nouveaux, t. LX, Dauphiné Libéré, 8 décembre 1952
  2. ^ Laurent Jullien, Le spiroscope du médecin ardéchois Jos Jullien, Éditions Universitaires Européennes, janvier 2017
  3. ^ Odette Gros et André-Charles Gros, Un pionnier oublié de la préhistoire ardéchoise le docteur Jos Jullien, Ardèche Archéologie n°22, p. 50-54, 2005
  4. ^ Stéphane Rochette, Jos Jullien, une vie gravée en Vivarais, Éditions Archives départementales de l’Ardèche, 2010
  5. ^ "Jos Jullien (1877-1956)". Bibliothèque nationale de France. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  6. ^ The Troy Record; New York, march 25 1957, page 6
  7. ^ Interview of Georges Marissal, cocreator of Biotherm }}, L'Impartial, May 25 1959
  8. ^'Aquasource-original.pdf
  9. ^ Jos Jullien, « Essai de traitement de la mélitococcie humaine par vaccinothérapie non spécifique. Premiers résultats favorables obtenus (avec projection) » Congrès international de pathologie comparée, vol. 2, Masson, 1931, chap. 2
  10. ^ Jullien (de Joyeuse) et Lautier (de Nice) « Le traitement de la Mélicoccie humaine par vaccinothérapie non spécifique » 1932
  11. ^ Laurent Jullien, Le spiroscope à eau du médecin-artiste Jos Jullien, de la médecine au bien-être, La nouvelle cigale Uzégeoise, n°12, p 11-16, décembre 2015
  12. ^ Laurent Jullien, Le SPIRO du docteur Jos Jullien, Clystère, n° 51, p. 28-45, juin 2016 |lire en ligne=
  13. ^ Laurent Jullien, Le spiroscope du médecin ardéchois Jos Jullien, Editions Universitaires Européennes, janvier 2017
  14. ^ Jos Jullien « Le traitement thermal des formes chroniques des brucelloses humaines » Rev. Path. Comp.. novembre-décembre 1947
  15. ^ The Troy Record; New York, 25 mars 1957, page 6
  16. ^ Interview of Georges Marissal, cocreator of Biotherm, L'Impartial, mai 25 1959
  17. ^'Aquasource-original.pdf