Joseph Connolly (architect)

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Joseph Connolly
Born 1840
Limerick, Ireland
Died 1904
Nationality Irish Canadian
Occupation Architect
Buildings Church of Our Lady Immaculate, Guelph, St. Peter's Cathedral Basilica, London, St. Paul's Basilica, Toronto
Ontario's Historical Plaque For Joseph Connolly

Joseph Connolly (1840–1904) was an Irish Canadian architect, born in Limerick, Ireland. He trained as an architect under J.J. McCarthy in his native Ireland before coming to North America.[1] Connolly specialized in Gothic Revival architecture. He is known for the churches he designed throughout Ontario, mainly for the Irish Roman Catholic community, though he also produced some industrial and residential buildings.

Biography[edit]

After completing training with James Joseph McCarthy, the 'Irish Pugin', Joseph Connolly advanced to become McCarthy's chief assistant in the 1860s and subsequently went on a study tour through Europe.[2] He started a practice in Dublin in 1871, but moved shortly after to Toronto where he partnered with surveyor Silas James, an association that lasted until 1877. From the 1880s, he worked with Arthur W. Holmes. Joseph Connolly died of bronchial asthma in 1904.[3]

Style[edit]

Though he also designed secular buildings, Connolly is known for his Gothic Revival churches. He emulated J.J. McCarthy and George Ashlin, the most successful Roman Catholic church architects in Ireland during Connolly's formative years.[4] His work bears some similarities to his contemporaries in Ireland such as William Hague.[5]

Works[edit]

Church Name Location Year Completed Image
Church of the Immaculate Conception Formosa, Ontario 1875.[6] Church of the Immaculate Conception
St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church Hamilton, Ontario 1875.[7] St Patrick Catholic Church, Hamilton - Exterior
Basilica of Our Lady Immaculate Guelph, Ontario 1877-1926 Church of Our Lady Immaculate, Guelph
James Street Baptist Church Hamilton, Ontario 1879.[8] James Street Baptist Church
St. Peter's Cathedral Basilica London, Ontario 1877-1926 St Peters Basilica
St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church Toronto, Ontario 1881-1905 St. Mary's Church, Toronto
St. Mary's Pro-Cathedral Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan 1881.[9] St. Mary's Pro-Cathedral
St. Patrick's Church Kinkora, Ontario 1882.[10] St. Patrick's Church
Holy Cross Church (now Église Sacré-Coeur) Georgetown, Ontario 1885
St. Basil's Church addition Toronto, Ontario 1886.[11] St. Basil's Church, Toronto
St. Mary's Cathedral enlargement Kingston, Ontario 1889[12] St. Mary's Cathedral, Kingston
Holy Cross Roman Catholic Church Kemptville, Ontario 1889[13]
St. Paul's Basilica Toronto, Ontario 1889 St. Paul's Basilica, Toronto
St. Michael's Cathedral redecoration and alterations Toronto, Ontario 1890[14] St. Michael's Cathedral (Toronto)
St. John the Evangelist Roman Catholic Church Gananoque, Ontario 1891.[15]
St. Gregory the Great Roman Catholic Church Picton, Ontario 1892[16]
Church of the Good Thief Kingston, Ontario 1892 Church of the Good Thief, Kingston

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gothic Revival Architecture and Joseph Connolly". Catholic Canada. 2010-10-23. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  2. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  3. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (1986). "The Irish-Canadian Pugin: Joseph Connolly" (PDF). Irish Arts Review. 3 (1): 16. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  4. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 35. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  5. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 36. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  6. ^ "Gothic Revival Architecture and Joseph Connolly". Catholic Canada. 2010-10-23. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  7. ^ "Gothic Revival Architecture and Joseph Connolly". Catholic Canada. 2010-10-23. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  8. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  9. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  10. ^ "Gothic Revival Architecture and Joseph Connolly". Catholic Canada. 2010-10-23. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  11. ^ Krawczyk, Bob. "Detailed Structure Information - St. Basil's Church". TOBuilt. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  12. ^ McKendry, Jennifer. "Chronology of Kingston Architecture". Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  13. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  14. ^ Krawczyk, Bob. "Detailed Structure Information - St. Michael's Cathedral". TOBuilt. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  15. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (May 2004). "Two Late Nineteenth-century Roman Catholic Churches in Toronto by Joseph Connolly: St Mary’s, Bathurst Street and St Paul’s, Power Street" (PDF). Ecclesiology Today (33): 30. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  16. ^ Thurlby, Malcolm (1986). "The Irish-Canadian Pugin: Joseph Connolly" (PDF). Irish Arts Review. 3 (1): 18. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 

External links[edit]