Joseph Mitsuo Kitagawa (March 8, 1915–October 7, 1992) was a Japanese American professor emeritus of University of Chicago and former dean of its Divinity School, known for his work in the history of religions, particularly on those of the East.
Kitagawa was born in Osaka, Japan and came to the United States in 1941 to study theology. During World War II, Kitagawa was interned at the Minidoka War Relocation Center at Hunt, Idaho, where he remained until October 1945. Kitagawa joined the faculty of the University of Chicago after his graduation in 1951. He became a U.S. citizen in 1955.
- Kobo-Daishi and Shingon Buddhism, 1951
- Religions of the East, 1960
- Religions orientales, 1961
- Gibt es ein Verstehen fremder Religionen?, 1963
- Religion in Japanese history, 1966
- Myths and symbols, 1969
- The History of Religions, 1985
- On understanding Japanese religion, 1987
- Buddhism and Asian History (Religion, History, and Culture), 1989
- The quest for human unity, 1990
- Spiritual liberation and human freedom in contemporary Asia, 1990
- The Christian tradition, 1992
- "Joseph M. Kitagawa, Ex-Dean Of Divinity School at U. of C.". Chicago Sun-Times. October 9, 1992. Retrieved July 6, 2010.
- Goldman, Ari L. (October 9, 1992), "No Headline", The New York Times