|Motto||Pro Deo et Patria|
Motto in English
|For God and Country|
|Location||Toshima, Tokyo, Japan|
|Member of||Tokyo 6 Universities|
The university is internationally oriented and involved in numerous international programmes and projects. Rikkyo maintains contact with more than 140 educational institutions abroad for the purpose of exchanging lecturers, students and projects. With more than 700 students from outside Japan, the institution has 20,000 students, and 2,700 teachers and staff members.
- 1 Rikkyo Gakuin
- 2 History
- 3 Organization
- 4 Library
- 5 Students
- 6 Events
- 7 Sports
- 8 Alumni
- 9 Recipients of honorary degrees
- 10 International exchanges
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Rikkyo Primary School, Rikkyo Ikebukuro Junior School, Rikkyo Ikebukuro Senior High School, Rikkyo Niiza Junior School, Rikkyo Niiza Senior High School are affiliated with the Rikkyo Gakuin.
The Rikkyo Gakuin is an educational institution, which includes Rikkyo University and other affiliated schools. The Rikkyo School in England, St. Margaret´s School and St. Hilda's School are related with the Rikkyo Gakuin.
The origins of the university date from the founding of St. Paul's School for boys in 1874 by Channing Moore Williams, a missionary of the Episcopal Church and a leading figure in the establishment of the Anglican Church in Japan.
The school's first classes were held in Williams' home in the foreign settlement in Tsukiji, Tokyo. Initially five students came to study with the resident missionaries. By the end of the first year this number had grown to 55 with as many as 46 living in a dormitory rented by the school.
Fire devoured the first school buildings in 1876. With funding from the Domestic and Foreign Mission Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church and, in 1880, a new principal, James McDonald Gardiner to supervise, new three-story brick facilities with an imposing 60-foot spire were constructed.
In 1891, Gardiner resigned from the management of the school and was succeeded by Rev. Theodosius Stevens Tyng. Simultaneous with the appointment of Rev. Tyng, the school's name was changed from St. Paul's School to St. Paul's College; curriculum changes were introduced; and a formal application was made for a government license. Enrollment jumped, but the school buildings were in a poor state of repair and were condemned as unsafe by government inspectors. As president of the school Tyng immediately set off to the United States on a fundraising tour. Less than three weeks after his return to Tokyo an earthquake in 1894 leveled much of the original school facilities, highlighting the perils of building on reclaimed land next to the Sumida River. The college was temporarily housed in Trinity Parish House, and by 1896 new buildings including an academic hall and student dormitory were ready for occupation.
In 1897, the Rev. Arthur Lloyd became president of the University. The Rikkyo schools experienced a rapid rise in student enrollment by virtue of the granting of a government license exempting students from military service and granting them access to all government established schools of higher education. Lloyd navigated the school through a turbulent six years as the Japanese Ministry of Education sought to curtail any religious instruction in the curriculum of government-approved schools. As only in the dormitories at Rikkyo was any religious instruction given, the school was able to retain its license.
In 1903, the Rev. Henry St. George Tucker succeeded Rev. Lloyd as president. In 1905 the school reported a male student enrollment of 573 and the need for larger school classroom facilities was acute. After another successful fundraising appeal new classrooms, an assembly hall and an office building were opened in 1907. The Rev. Charles S. Reifsnider succeed Rev. Tucker in 1912 when the latter took up his new post as Bishop of Kyoto.
New campus and elevation to university status
In 1909, 23 acres of land were purchased near Ikebukuro for the construction of a larger dedicated campus and the university moved into new buildings at this site in 1919. The University Chapel was consecrated in 1920, and the university was officially chartered by the Ministry of Education in 1922.
The original, red-brick, campus buildings, designed by Murphy & Dana Architects of New York, suffered structural damage in the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake but, due to the university's more suburban location, escaped the fires that destroyed much of the center of the city.
Until the 1920s almost all classes at Rikkyo were held in English; Japanese language textbooks were made more widely available toward the end of the decade.
In the late 1930s and during the Second World War Rikkyo's status as an Anglican Christian university came under severe pressure from the military authorities. In 1936, the president of the university, Shigeharu Kimura, was forced to resign over allegations of disrespect during a required public reading of the Imperial Rescript on Education in the University Chapel.
In September 1942, university trustees agreed to change the wording of the charter to sever all ties with Christianity. The majority of Christian faculty members lost their positions and the University All Saints Chapel was closed.
At the end of World War II in October 1945 the U.S. Occupation authorities moved swiftly to remove head officials associated with the teaching of militarism and the violation of the university's founding charter. The university re-established its links with the Anglican Church in Japan. With the support of former faculty such as Paul Rusch, they began to restart classes, re-hire faculty, and rebuild.
Women were admitted to degree programs in 1946.
A new library extension, designed by renowned Japanese architect Kenzo Tange, was completed in 1960.
With contributions from private donors, the Episcopal Church in the United States and the Japanese Ministry of Education, between 1961 and 2001 the university owned and operated a TRIGA 100Kw research reactor at Yokosuka, Kanagawa contributing the development of neutron radiography and energy research in Japan.
Building on existing undergraduate study programs, new graduate schools for Business Administration, Social Design Studies, and Intercultural Communication were opened in 2002.
In September 2014, the Japanese Ministry of Education announced that Rikkyo University had been selected as a “Global Hub” university and will now receive special strategic government funding to support its global education programs.
- Law and Politics
- Intercultural Communication
- Community and Human Services
- Contemporary Psychology
- Global Liberal Arts Program
- International Business (MIB)
- Law School
- Law and Politics
- Community and Human Services
- Contemporary Psychology
- Christian Studies
- Business Administration (MBA)
- Social Design Studies
- Intercultural Communication
Center for Interdisciplinary Research institutes
- Institute for American Studies
- Institute for Leadership Studies
- Centre for Asian Area Studies
- Japan Institute of Christian Education (JICE)
- Institute for Latin American Studies
- Institute of Social Welfare
- Institute of Tourism
- St. Paul's Institute of English Language Education
- Rikkyo Institute of Church Music
- Rikkyo Economics Research Institute
- Institute for Japanese Studies
- Rikkyo Wellness Institute
- Rikkyo Institute for Business Law Studies
- Rikkyo Institute for Legal Practice Studies
- Rikkyo Institute for Global Urban Studies
Other research institutes
- Rikkyo Institute for Peace and Community Studies
- Education for Sustainable Development Research institutes
The Old Main Library, or Mather Library, in the group of historic red brick buildings at the university's main entrance, was built in 1918. The original building was named in memory of Samuel Mather an American industrialist and long-time sponsor of Episcopal Church overseas mission work. Funds for the original building were donated by Mather in memory of his father. Further funding was also provided by him in 1925 to finance the repairs to the building in the wake of the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake.
The university library buildings have been expanded over succeeding decades to include landmark buildings by Kenzo Tange and more modern structures to house collections containing over 1.7 million volumes of print and non-print materials. The university libraries house specialist collections of the Protestant Episcopal Church and Edogawa Rampo.
- Main Library
- Social Sciences Library
- Humanities Library
- Natural Sciences Library
- Media Library
- Niiza Library
- Niiza Repository
Rikkyo is a co-educational university. As of 2009, female students outnumber male students overall; male students outnumber female students at the graduate level.
In common with most universities in Tokyo, Rikkyo holds an annual student-organized festival each autumn. Known as the St. Paul's festival, student clubs and societies provide entertainment, prepare food, organize sporting events and showcase academic work for the benefit of other students, prospective students, alumni, and the local community.
Rikkyo's baseball team plays in the Tokyo Big6 Baseball League. They have won 12 league championships in their history.
Rikkyo fields a strong program in women's lacrosse.
The following are famous alumni of St. Pauls:
- Masami Tanabu: former Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (Japan)
- Jiro Akama: member of the House of Representatives (Liberal Democratic Party)
- Osamu Uno: member of the House of Representatives (Liberal Democratic Party)
- Tetsuma Esaki: member of House of Representatives (Liberal Democratic Party)
- Ryosei Tanaka: member of the House of Representatives (Liberal Democratic Party)
- Mineyuki Fukuda: member of the House of Representatives (the Liberal Democratic Party)
- Tadashi Inuzuka: member of the House of Councillors in the Diet (Democratic Party of Japan)
- Toshio Ogawa: former Senior Vice-Minister of Justice (Japan), member of the House of Councillors in the Diet (Democratic Party of Japan)
- Masao Ishii: chairman of the Joint Staff Council of the Japan Self-Defense Forces
- Mineo Miyawaki: former vice-director of National Diet Library in Japan
- Tadashi Nagano: president of the Keio Corporation
- Jyunji Narita: president of the Hakuhodo
- Toyohiko Yamauchi: president of the Kyodo News
- Fukuzo Iwasaki: real estate entrepreneur
- Mitsuo Matsushita: professor emeritus of University of Tokyo, member of the Appellate Body of the WTO
- Yasuhiro Omori: Professor Emeritus of National Museum of Ethnology, Professor Emeritus of Graduate University for Advanced Studies
- Suguru Sasaki: professor emeritus of Kyoto University
- Hiroto Tahara: former president of Utsunomiya University
- Yasuhide Nakagawa - former President of Hokkaido University of Education, former President of International Christian University, Professor Emeritus of Hokkaido University
- Joseph M. Kitagawa - Professor of The University of Chicago
- Minoru Sanada - Professor of University of Wales
- Ryō Ikebe - Actor
- Yuka Murayama - Author
- Yōko Nogiwa - Actress
- Akira Sakuma - Game producer
- Kiyoshi Kurosawa - Film director
- Shinji Aoyama - Film director
- Toshio Gotō - Film director
- Makoto Shinozaki - Film director
- Akihiko Shiota - Film director
- Masayuki Suō - Film director
- Tatsuya Mori - Documentary filmmaker
- Shigeo Nagashima - Baseball player and manager of the Yomiuri Giants
- Takemori koizumi - Philosopher
- Kazuhito Tadano - Baseball player of the Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters
- Tomoko Honda - Television announcer
- Youka Konno - Idol and talent
- Monta Mino - Radio and television announcer
- Shinkichi Mitsumune - Composer
- Hiroshi Sugimoto - Photographer
- Rei Nakanishi - Japanese novelist
- Yun Tong-ju* - Poet
- Zhou Zuoren* - Chinese writer, the younger brother of Lu Xun (Zhou Shuren)
- Motoharu Sano - SongWriter, Musician
- Isuna Hasekura - Author
Recipients of honorary degrees
- Henry St. George Tucker (bishop) - the 19th Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church (1958)
- Arthur C. Lichtenberger - bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States (1959)
- Milton Friedman - American economist (1963)
- Friedrich Hayek - economist and philosopher (1963)
- Paul Rusch - Anglican lay missionary to Japan, founder of Camp Seisen Ryo (1965)
- Arthur Frank Burns - American economist (1965)
- Edwin O. Reischauer - United States Ambassador to Japan (1965)
- Joseph Kitagawa - dean of University of Chicago Divinity School(1977)
- Hanna Holborn Gray - President of the University of Chicago (1979)
- Robert Runcie - Archbishop of Canterbury (1987)
- Tom Foley - United States Ambassador to Japan (2000)
- Bill Gates - American business magnate (2000)
- Bob Hawke - Prime Minister of Australia (2003)
- Frank Griswold - 25th Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church (2005)
- Muhammad Yunus - founder of the Grameen Bank (2007)
- Rowan Williams - Archbishop of Canterbury (2009)
- Fazle Hasan Abed - Founder and Chairman of BRAC (NGO) (2009)
- The University of Chicago, United States
- Cornell University, United States
- Kent State University, United States
- Linfield College, United States
- University of Maryland, United States
- University of Missouri-St. Louis, United States
- San Diego State University, United States
- Vanderbilt University, United States
- University of Virginia, United States
- The University of the South, United States
- Western Michigan University, United States
- Saint Mary's University, Canada
- Université de Sherbrooke, Canada
- Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada
- University of Toronto, Faculty of Arts and Science, Canada
- University of Waterloo, Canada
- Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
- University of Turku, Finland
- BI Norwegian Business School, Norway
- Norwegian School of Economics, Norway
- Jean Moulin University Lyon 3, France
- Panthéon-Assas University, France
- Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales, France
- Humboldt University, Germany
- University of Tübingen, Germany
- University of Bonn, Germany
- Dublin City University, Republic of Ireland
- Leiden University, The Netherlands
- Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
- Warsaw University, Poland
- University of León, Spain
- University of Seville, Spain
- University of Essex, UK
- University of Sheffield, UK
- BRAC University, Bangladesh
- University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
- The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
- Nankai University, China
- Shanxi University, China
- Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China
- East China Normal University, China
- Jilin University, China
- Fu Jen Catholic University, Taiwan
- National Chengchi University, Taiwan
- Padjadjaran University, Indonesia
- Korea University, South Korea
- Yonsei University, South Korea
- Sungkonghoe University, South Korea
- Ewha Womans University, South Korea
- Sogang University, South Korea
- Tribhuvan University, Nepal
- Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines
- Trinity University of Asia, Philippines
- National University of Singapore, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Singapore
- Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
- The Australian National University, Australia
- Monash University, Australia
- University of New South Wales, Australia
- Murdoch University, Australia
- Cuttington University, Liberia
- "Message from the Dean". Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- Yoshioka, Tomoya. "Presidential Inaugural Speech, April 1, 2010". Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- "Rikkyo Data". Rikkyo University Data. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- Hobart, Margaret (1912). Institutions Connected with the Japan Mission of the American Church. New York: The Domestic and Foreign Mission Society. p. 1.
- Hobart, Margaret (1912). Institutions Connected with the Japan Mission of the American Church. New York: The Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Hemphill, Elizabeth (1969). The Road to KEEP (First ed.). New York and Tokyo: John Weatherhill Inc. p. 14.
- Hobart, Margaret (1912). Institutions Connected with the Japan Mission of the American Episcopal Church. New York: Domestic and Foreign Missions Society.
- Hemphill, Elizabeth (1969). The Road to KEEP (First ed.). New York and Tokyo: John Weatherhill Inc. p. 13.
- Ion, Hamish (2003). Mullins, Mark, ed. Handbook of Christianity in Japan. Leiden: Brill. p. 86. ISBN 90 04 13156 6.
- "Reform of Rikkyo University, November 2, 1945, Asahi, in Press Translations Japan, Social series, No. 1, Item 4, Pages 3, ATIS, G2, SCAP, November 5, 1945". Dartmouth Digital Library. 2 Nov 1945. Retrieved 26 Oct 2015.
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- Harasawa, Susumu. "Experience of decommissioning the Rikkyo University Reactor". IAEA. International Atomic Energy Association. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- "Rikkyo Chosen as a "Global Hub" University". Rikkyo University. MiB Program. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
- "Selection for the FY2014 Top Global University Project" (PDF). Ministry of Education (MEXT). Government of Japan. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
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