Joseph Pemberton

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For the Surveyor General of Vancouver Island, see Joseph Despard Pemberton.

Joseph Pemberton (1852–1926) was a British rosarian, remembered for creating the hybrid musk class of cultivated roses.

Career[edit]

The Reverend Joseph Hardwick Pemberton was born in 1852 in The Round House, Havering-atte-Bower, Romford, Essex; he lived there with his sister Florence until his death in 1926. He was an Anglican clergyman for more than 30 years. A keen amateur rose grower, he joined the Royal National Rose Society shortly after its founding, and in 1911 served as its president.[1] After his retirement in 1914, Pemberton turned to rose breeding in an attempt to recreate the "Grandmother's roses" he recalled from childhood. He set up Pemberton Nursery at Romford and nearby where eventually some 35–40,000 roses were grown annually for sale. All the roses of the Pemberton Nursery were bequeathed to their gardeners, who at Romford were Jack and Ann Bentall. They released several new roses after Pemberton's death.[2]

Rose breeding[edit]

Using the climber 'Trier' (descended from 'Aglaia', itself an 1896 cross by Peter Lambert using Rosa multiflora), Pemberton crossed it with hybrid tea roses to produce a class of highly scented, generally cluster-flowered roses which remain popular garden material to this day. Initially he classed them also as hybrid teas, but later took to referring to them as 'hybrid musks', based upon a tenuous link between 'Trier' and Rosa moschata.[1][3]

Pemberton also bred a number of more conventional hybrid teas, and several Multiflora ramblers still worth growing.[1]

Hybrid Musks reached their apogee well after Pemberton's death. Reimer Kordes' universally grown 'Schneewittchen' ('Iceberg')[4] of 1958 was bred from Pemberton's 'Robin Hood'.

Surviving Pemberton Hybrid Musk roses[5][edit]

Of the roses on the following list, 'Buff Beauty' is thought to have been bred by Pemberton but was actually introduced by Ann Bentall in 1939, some 13 years after Pemberton's death.[6] 'Ballerina' was likewise introduced by her in 1937.[7][8]

Name Date Colour Pollen parent Seed parent Photo
Aurora[9] 1923 Golden Yellow Danae[10] Miriam[11]
Ballerina[8] 1937 White-centered pink Unknown Unknown Rosa 'Ballerina'.jpg
Buff Beauty[6] 1939 Orange and yellow William Allen Richardson[12] Unknown Rosa 'Buff Beauty'.jpg
Ceres[13] 1914 Yellow and pink Unknown Unknown
Clytemnestra[14] 1915 Chamois Trier[15] Liberty[16]
Cornelia[17] 1925 Deep Pink Unknown Unknown Cornelia RBGM 15-6-2014.jpg
Danae[10] 1913 Light yellow Trier[15] Gloire de Chédane-Guinoisseau[18]
Daphne[19] 1912 Light pink Unknown Unknown
Daybreak[20] 1918 Golden yellow Trier[15] Liberty[16]
Felicia[21] 1926 Pink blend Trier[15] Ophelia[22] Rosa 'Felicia'.jpg
Fortuna[23] 1927 Light pink Lady Pirrie[24] Nur Mahal[25]
Francesca[26] 1922 Apricot Danae[10] Sunburst[27]
Kathleen[28] 1922 Blush Daphne[19] Perle des Jardins[29]
Maid Marion[30] 1930 Pink and white Unknown Unknown
Moonlight[31] 1913 Cream Trier[15] Sulphurea[32] HMMoonlight.JPG
Nur Mahal[25] 1923 Crimson Château de Clos Vougeot[33] Seedling
Pax[34] 1918 White Trier[15] Sunburst[27] Rosa 'Pax'.jpg
Penelope[35] 1924 Seashell pink Ophelia[22] Seedling Penelope 9-6-2013.jpg
Prosperity[36] 1919 White Marie-Jeanne[37] Perle des Jardins[29] Rosa 'Prosperity' 03.jpg
Robin Hood[38] 1927 Cherry red Seedling Miss Edith Cavell[39] Rosa Robin Hood.jpg
Thisbe[40] 1918 Buff Marie-Jeanne[37] Perle des Jardins[29]
Vanity[41] 1920 Deep pink 'Château de Clos Vougeot'[33] Seedling

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Quest-Ritson, Charles (2003). Climbing roses of the world. Portland, Or.: Timber Press. pp. 119–120. ISBN 0-88192-563-2. 
  2. ^ Le Rougetel, Hazel (1988). A heritage of roses (1st U.S. ed.). Owings Mills, Md.: Stemmer House Publishers. pp. 113–22. ISBN 0880451106. 
  3. ^ Desmond, Ray; with the assistance of Christine Ellwood (1994). Dictionary of British and Irish botanists and horticulturalists : including plant collectors, flower painters and garden designers ([Rev. and updated ed.]. ed.). London: Taylor & Francis. p. 544. ISBN 0850668433. 
  4. ^ "Schneewittchen". Help Me Find. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "List of Pemberton roses". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Buff Beauty". Help Me Find. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  7. ^ Phillips, R. and Rix, M., The Ultimate Guide to Roses, Macmillan, 2004, p170 ISBN 1 4050 4920 0
  8. ^ a b "Ballerina". Help Me Find. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "Aurora". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "Danae". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Miriam". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  12. ^ "William Allen Richardson". Help Me Find. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "Ceres". Help Me Find. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "Clytemnestra". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f "Trier". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "Liberty". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  17. ^ "Cornelia". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  18. ^ "Gloire de Chédane-Guinnoiseau". Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  19. ^ a b "Daphne". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  20. ^ "Daybreak". Help Me Find. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  21. ^ "Felicia". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "Ophelia". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  23. ^ "Fortuna". Help Me Find. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  24. ^ "Lady Pirrie". Help Me Find. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  25. ^ a b "Nur Mahal". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  26. ^ "Francesca". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  27. ^ a b "Sunburst". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  28. ^ "Kathleen". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  29. ^ a b c "Perle des Jardins". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  30. ^ "Maid Marion". Help Me Find. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  31. ^ "Moonlight". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  32. ^ "Sulphurea". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  33. ^ a b "Château de Clos Vougeot". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  34. ^ "Pax". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  35. ^ "Penelope". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  36. ^ "Prosperity". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  37. ^ a b "Marie-Jeanne". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  38. ^ "Robin Hood". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  39. ^ "Miss Edith Cavell". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  40. ^ "Thisbe". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  41. ^ "Vanity". Help Me Find. Retrieved 7 June 2014.